Employment Lands were defined by the NSW Government Employment Lands Task Force in 2006 as those lands:
“zoned for industrial or similar purposes in planning instruments. They are generally lower density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in: manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities”.
Since 2008, Employment Lands have been categorised into precincts. These Employment Land Precincts were initially defined along industrial zone boundaries. Due to the implementation of the Standard Instrument Local Environmental Plan, these precincts may now include other business zones which permit a number of industrial uses.
Almost a quarter of all jobs in Metropolitan Sydney and about 40 per cent of all jobs in the Central Coast are located in employment lands*. Industries related to ‘production and manufacturing’ are typically found in employment lands. These include manufacturing; wholesale trade; transport, postal and warehousing; construction; and electricity, gas, water and waste services. These industry sectors represent almost two‐thirds of jobs in employment lands in Metropolitan Sydney and around one‐third of jobs in employment lands in the Central Coast.
The Sydney Metropolitan Area comprises the six districts as outlined in A Plan for Growing Sydney – Central, West Central, West, North, South West and South.
As at January 2016 there were 13,577 hectares of zoned employment lands, including developed and undeveloped lands in the Sydney Metropolitan Area. This is an increase of 29 hectares from January 2015, resulting mainly from rezonings.
Of the total zoned employment lands stock, 22 per cent or 2,928 hectares were undeveloped as at January 2016. This is a decrease of 102 hectares from January 2015 and was mainly due to the take‐up of industrial land in 2015.
Of the total undeveloped zoned land, 497 hectares were serviced with water and sewer lead‐in services as at January 2016. This is an increase of 47 hectares from January 2015. The increase is mainly due to land in eastern Erskine Park being connected to water and sewer services in 2015.
In 2015 there were 52 hectares of industrial zoned lands (IN1 General Industrial, IN2 Light Industrial, IN3 Heavy Industrial or IN4 Working Waterfront) added through rezonings in the Sydney Metropolitan Area.
Twenty‐four hectares of industrial land were rezoned for non‐industrial purposes, mainly business and special use zones. A further 101 hectares were rezoned from industrial to B5 Business Development, B6 Enterprise Corridor or B7 Business Park zones.
In 2015 there were 13 planning proposals approved at the Gateway*. As at January 2016, there were two further proposals lodged, but not yet determined, relating to employment lands and business parks.
In addition to existing zoned employment lands, there were 6,972 hectares of potential future employment lands as at January 2016. These have been identified in planning strategies but are yet to be rezoned. The majority of these future areas are identified in the South West Growth Centre Structure Plan and A Plan for Growing Sydney.
Not all these lands may be developable. These areas are subject to further investigations at the precinct planning stage to assess suitability for development. This will consider constraints such as riparian corridors, slope, vegetation, transport corridors, local roads and lot fragmentation.
Industrial building activity increased significantly in 2015 with $1.6 billion worth of development approvals, compared to $795 million in 2014. The majority of approvals (75 per cent) were in warehouses and mainly located in the West Central district.
Take‐up of employment land for industrial development was 105 hectares in 2015. This compares with 121 hectares in 2014 and 190 hectares in 2013. Most of the land take‐up (81 per cent) occurred in western Sydney including 61 hectares in the West Central district.
The Employment Lands Development Monitor (ELDM) tracks the stock of employment land at progressive stages in the planning and development process and estimates the supply of employment lands at different take‐up rates.
Assuming an average take‐up rate of 155 hectares per annum (average over the last 8 years) there is 45 years’ remaining supply of potential future employment land (6,972 hectares) and 19 years’ remaining supply of undeveloped zoned employment land (2,928 hectares).
The potential future employment lands are subject to further investigations at the precinct planning stage to assess suitability for development. This will consider constraints such as riparian corridors/slope/vegetation, transport corridors, local roads and lot fragmentation.
The Central Coast comprises the Local Government Areas of Gosford and Wyong
As at January 2016, there were 1,987 hectares of existing employment land in the Central Coast, down 13 hectares from January 2015. The total stock change was the result of data refinements.
Of the total zoned employment land stock, 54% or 1,079 hectares was undeveloped at January 2016.
In 2015 there were two Planning Proposals approved at the Gateway* relating to employment lands in the Central Coast.
In addition to existing zoned employment lands, there are 467 hectares of potential future industrial land identified in the North Wyong Structure Plan.
Not all these lands may be developable. These areas are subject to further investigations at the precinct planning stage to assess suitability for development. This will consider constraints such as riparian corridors, slope/vegetation, transport corridors, local roads and lot fragmentation.
The value of building activity increased for the fifth year in a row. $48 million worth of industrial development was approved in 2015 in the Central Coast. The majority ($31 million) was in the ‘other’ industrial buildings sector while almost a third ($15 million) was in the ‘warehouses’ sector.
Take‐up of employment land for industrial development in 2015 was 4.3 hectares which is slightly down from 2014 (4.6 hectares). This included 1.9 hectares at Somersby, 1.7 hectares at Wyong, 0.4 hectares at Tuggerah and 0.4 hectares at North Wyong.
Page last updated: 09/06/2017