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Biodiversity

Biodiversity or ‘biological diversity’ describes the variety of life on earth – the life forms, the different plants, animals and microorganisms, the genes they contain and the ecosystems they form. It is usually considered at three levels: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.

 

Biodiversity offsets

Biodiversity offsets work by protecting and managing biodiversity values in one area in exchange for impacts on biodiversity values in another.

 

Biophysical Strategic Agricultural Land

Land with high quality soil and water resources, capable of sustaining high levels of productivity.

 

Biosecurity

Measures that are taken to protect the economy, environment and community from the negative impacts of pests, diseases and weeds.

 

Coastal Open Space System

A network of reserves supporting native vegetation that are managed by the Central Coast Council.

 

Emerging Strategic Centres

Centres that have been identified with the potential for regional strategic importance. The Central Coast region has two emerging strategic centres, at Woy Woy and Warnervale.

 

Employment lands

Land zoned for industrial or similar purposes in planning instruments. These are generally lower-density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities.

 

Employment Lands Development Monitor

The NSW Government’s key program for managing the supply of employment lands in the region.

 

Enabling infrastructure

Essential services that are required for a development to occur, such as water supply, energy supply, waste water systems, stormwater drainage and vehicular access.

 

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

A measure of the size of a country’s economy and productivity. GDP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a country within a given period of time.

 

Gross Regional Product (GRP)

A measure of the size of a region’s economy and productivity. Similar to gross domestic product, GRP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a region within a given period of time.

 

Household size

The average number of people living in a dwelling in a state, region or locality.

 

Housing affordability

 

The term refers broadly to a person’s ability to pay for their housing.

 

Housing choice

The types of housing available to meet the current or future needs of the community. Housing diversity is driven by factors such as the make-up of the population, affordability and lifestyle trends.

 

Housing types

Forms of housing, such as single dwellings, boarding houses, dual occupancies, group homes, hostels, multi-dwelling housing, residential flat buildings, secondary dwellings, semi-detached dwellings, seniors housing and shop top housing.

 

Important agricultural land

The existing or future location of local or regionally important agricultural industries or agricultural resources, mapped using the NSW Department of Primary Industries Important Agricultural Lands methodology.

 

Infill development

Development in areas already used for urban purposes. Specifically, the re-use of a site within the existing urban footprint for new housing, businesses or other urban development.

 

Infrastructure contributions

The process by which a financial payment is made by a developer during the development process to help fund infrastructure for the local area or region to support development.

 

Job containment

A measure of the proportion of employed residents who are employed within the boundaries of the local government area or region in which they live. It indicates the propensity of residents to seek employment outside the local government area or region in which they live.

 

Local centres

Local centres provide jobs and services such as shopping, dining, entertainment, health and personal services to meet the daily and weekly needs of the local community. The Central Coast region hosts a number of local centres including Toukley, The Entrance, Long Jetty, Terrigal, Umina, Ourimbah, Ettalong, Point Clare, Kincumber and Killarney Vale.

 

Local plans or local environmental plans

A statutory, spatial plan, typically prepared for a local government area by a council and made by the Minister for Planning. It includes land zoning and other development controls, which determine the type and amount of development which can occur on each parcel of land in NSW. Local plans are the main planning tool that shape the future of communities and ensure local development is appropriate. They guide planning decisions by local councils.

 

Mixed use centres

Local centres that facilitate a mixture of commercial, retail, residential and other land uses based on market demand and investment confidence rather than single land use zone boundaries.

 

Regional city

A place which has the largest commercial component of any location in the region and that provides a full range of higher-order services, including hospitals and tertiary education services. Gosford City is the regional city for the Central Coast.

 

Regional growth corridor

A corridor in the region that has been strategically identified for future growth. The Central Coast region has the Northern Growth Corridor and the Southern Growth Corridor.

 

Regional gateways

The Central Coast region has two regional (economic) gateways: the Southern Economic Gateway (Somersby and surrounds) and the Northern Economic Gateway located at Warnervale (Wyong Employment Zone and surrounds).

 

Rural villages

Rural villages are low-density clustered human settlements. The Central Coast region hosts a number of rural villages, including Jilliby, Yarramalong, Kulnura, Dooralong, Central Mangrove, Mangrove Mountain, Peats Ridge, Somersby and Calga.

 

Strategic centres

Centres of regional strategic importance. The Central Coast region hosts a number of (established) strategic centres, including Gosford (regional city), Erina, Tuggerah and Wyong.

 

Sustainability

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

 

1 NSW Department of Planning and Infrastructure 2012, North Wyong Shire Structure Plan, New South Wales Government, Sydney.

 

2 Bureau of Transport Statistics, Transport for NSW 2014, BTS Employment forecast summary 2011-2041 (Release V2.0) (data and information ‘as supplied’ or ‘based on’ BTS data), New South Wales Government, Chippendale, NSW, Australia.

 

3 Regional Development Australia, August 2016, Central Coast Community Profile, Australian Government, retrieved from Profile. Id: http://profile.id.com.au/central-coast-nsw

 

4 Bureau of Transport Statistics, Transport for NSW 2014, BTS Employment forecast summary 2011-2041 (Release V2.0) (data and information ‘as supplied’ or ‘based on’ BTS data), New South Wales Government, Chippendale, NSW, Australia.

 

5 NSW Treasury 2014, Budget Paper No. 4, 2014-15 Infrastructure Statement, p. 52, New South Wales Government, viewed 25 July 2016, http://www.treasury.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/124257/BP4_Infrastructure_Statement_2014-15_dnd.pdf (pdf 926 KB)

 

6 Department of Planning and Environment 2016, Employment Lands Development Monitoring (“Forthcoming” release), New South Wales Government, Sydney.

 

7 NSW Department of Trade and Investment, Economic Profile Central Coast, p. 7

 

8 Ibid., p. 4.

 

9 NSW Department of Industry, unpublished, ‘Comments on draft Central Coast Regional Plan Outline', using ABS data and applying the standard ABS multiplier for agriculture production, New South Wales Government.

 

10 Ibid., p. 3.

 

11 Regional Development Australia Central Coast NSW, Central Coast Economic Profile, Australian Government, retrieved from http://economy.id.com.au/central-coast-nsw

 

12 Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW) 2004, Wildlife Corridors, viewed 17 June 2016 at http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/naturelandholderNotes15 WildlifeCorridors.pdf (pdf 303 KB).

 

13 NSW Department of Planning and Environment, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Population Projections 2011-2036, Sydney.

 

14 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013), Wyong Regional Data Summary and Gosford Regional Data Summary, Canberra.

 

15 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015), Counts of Australian Businesses including Entries and Exists, Jun 2010 to Jun 2014, Canberra.

 

16 Op cit., NSW Department of Planning and Environment 2016, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Population Projections 2011–2036.

 

17 NSW Department of Housing, 2015, Greater Metropolitan Region – Time Series of Median Sales Prices ($’000), March Quarter 1991 to March Quarter 2015, Sydney.

 

18 Department of Planning and Environment 2015, unpublished, ‘Central Coast Dwelling Completions (1996-97 – 2014-2015)’, New South Wales Government, Sydney.

 

19 Op cit., NSW Department of Planning and Environment, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Population Projections 2011–2036.

Page last updated: 26/06/2019