NSW Department of Planning and Environment

Affordable housing

Housing for very low and low-income households where rent or mortgage payments are above 30 per cent of gross household income or the household is eligible to occupy rental accommodation under the National Rental Affordability Scheme. 


A business that earns most or all of its revenues from agriculture. An agribusiness could include food and fibre production, agrichemicals, seed supply, farm machinery wholesale and distribution, freight, logistics, processing, marketing and retail sales. 

Agricultural supply chain

Comprises input supply (seed, fertilizers, energy), production, storage, processing, transport, marketing and distribution of agricultural produce. 


‘Biodiversity’ or ‘biological diversity’ describes the variety of life on Earth – the life forms, the different plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain and the ecosystems they form. It is usually considered at three levels: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. 

Biophysical Strategic Agricultural Lands

Lands with high-quality soil and water resources, capable of sustaining high levels of productivity. 


Biosecurity is the term used to apply to measures that are taken to protect the economy, environment and community from the negative impacts of pests, diseases and weeds. 

Central business district

The main cluster of business found within a town or city.

Employment lands

Land zoned for industrial or similar purposes in planning instruments. These are generally lower density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities. 

Enabling infrastructure

Essential services that are required for a development to occur, such as water supply, energy supply, wastewater systems, stormwater drainage and vehicular access. 

Far West region

The local government areas of Balranald, Brewarrina, Bourke, Broken Hill, Central Darling, Cobar, Walgett, Wentworth and the Unincorporated Area. 

Gross domestic product (GDP)

A measure of the size of a country’s economy and productivity. GDP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a country within a given period of time.

Gross regional product (GRP)

A measure of the size of a region’s economy and productivity. Similar to gross domestic product, GRP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a region within a given period of time.

Household size

The average number of people living in a dwelling in a state, region or locality. 

Housing affordability

The term refers broadly to a person’s ability to pay for their housing.

Housing choice

The types of housing available to meet the current or future needs of the community. Housing diversity is driven by factors such as the make-up of the population, affordability and lifestyle trends. 

Housing density

One of several measures that describe how intensively an urban area is developed. It is normally measured as the number of dwelling units in a given area.

Housing types

Forms of housing, such as single dwellings, boarding houses, dual occupancies, group homes, hostels, multi-dwelling homes, residential flat buildings, secondary dwellings, semidetached dwellings, seniors’ housing and shop top housing.

Important agricultural land

The existing or future location of local or regionally important agricultural industries or agricultural resources, mapped using the NSW Department of Primary Industries important agricultural lands methodology. 

Infill development

Development in areas already used for urban purposes. Specifically, the re-use of a site within the existing urban footprint for new housing, businesses or other urban development. 

Local centres

Local centres provide jobs and services such as shopping, dining, entertainment, health and personal services to meet the daily and weekly needs of the local community.

Local plans

A statutory, spatial plan, typically prepared for a local government area by a council, and endorsed by the Minister for Planning. Through the use of land zoning and other development controls, a local plan is typically the main mechanism for determining the type and amount of development that can occur on each parcel of land in NSW. Local plans are the main planning tool that shape the future of communities and ensure local development is appropriate. They guide planning decisions by local councils.

Strategic Centres

Centres of regional strategic importance. Broken Hill is the only Strategic Centre in the Far West Region.


Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.


1 Infrastructure NSW, n.d., Transport projects, New South Wales Government, Sydney

2 NSW Department of Primary Industry – Water, 2016, Regional Water and Waste Water Backlog Program, New South Wales Government, Sydney

3 NSW Trade and Investment, 2015, Far West Economic Profile, New South Wales Government, Sydney

4 Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, 2012, Food demand to 2050, Opportunities for Australian agriculture, Australian Government, Canberra

5 Western Research Institute Ltd, 2013, for Regional Development Australia Orana, Regional Development Australia Orana: Profile and Opportunities, Australian Government, Canberra.

6 Department of Industry – Division of Resources and Geoscience, 2007, Cobar’s mining history

7 AGL, Silverton Wind Farm, 2016

8 RDA Orana, Orana Biohub Project Pre-Feasibility Study

9 Wentworth Shire Council, n.d., Road & Traffic

10 NSW Department of Industry, n.d., Regional Tourism Infrastructure Fund, New South Wales Government, Sydney

11 Transport for NSW, December 2013, Western Regional Transport Plan, New South Wales Government, Sydney

12 ABC News, 2015, GrainCorp: $60 million to improve rail efficiency

13 Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, 2014, National Land Transport Network 2014 – Rail, Australian Government, Canberra

14 Transport for NSW 2013, NSW Freight and Ports Strategy, NSW Government, Sydney.

15 Australian Rail Track Corporation 2010, Melbourne to Brisbane Inland Rail Alignment Study – Final Report, ARTC, Adelaide.

16 Transport for NSW 2012, NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan, NSW Government, Sydney

17 Standing Committee on State Development, March 2015, NSW Government Response to the Report of the Inquiry into Regional Aviation Services in New South Wales

18 Transport for NSW, December 2013, Western Regional Transport Plan, New South Wales Government, Sydney

19 NSW Standing Committee on State Development Report 36, May 2012, New South Wales Parliament, Sydney

20 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016, Far West and Orana Region Data Summary - Access to Internet at Home, 2011 Census, Canberra

21 Infrastructure NSW, 2014, New South Wales Government, Sydney, State Infrastructure Strategy Update 2014

22 Murdi Paaki Regional Assembly, www.mpra.com.au

23 Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs 2011, Indigenous Economic Development Strategy 2011–2018, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra

24 Department of Industry - Lands & Forestry n.d., Western Lands Leases

25 NSW Planning & Environment n.d., Lightning Ridge Voluntary Surrender Scheme

26 Department of Industry - Lands & Forestry n.d., Western Lands Leases

27 Far West Council consultations, 2014

28 Ibid

29 Ibid

30 Department of Primary Industries - Water n.d., Water savings in the Darling River including Menindee Lakes

31 Department of Primary Industries - Water n.d., The Menindee Lakes

32 Murray–Darling Basin Authority, 2015, Basin Plan, Australian Government, Canberra

33 Office of Environment and Heritage, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation: Knowledge Strategy 2013–17, New South Wales Government, Sydney, 

34 Office of Environment and Heritage, 2014, Far West Climate Change Snapshot, New South Wales Government, Sydney

35 Department of the Environment and Energy, 2016, Australian Heritage Database, Australian Government, Canberra, City of Broken Hill

36 Department of Planning and Environment 2016, Population Projections

37 Transport for NSW 2012, NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan, NSW Government, Sydney

38 Department of Primary Industries - Water, n.d. Water Security for Regions

39 Department of Primary Industries – Water, 2016, Water security for Broken Hill and surrounds, New South Wales Government, Sydney (URL: http://www.water.nsw.gov.au/water-management/water-availability/brokenhill)

40 NSW Department of Industry, Resources for Regions Full Project List

41 McKenzie, F., Phillips, R., Rowley, S., Brereton, D., & Birdsall-Jones, C., 2009, Housing market dynamics in resource boom towns, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI)

42 NSW Government, 2016, Future Directions for Social Housing in NSW, Sydney, p. 10

43 Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, n.d., AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia

44 Ibid

45 Ibid

Page last updated: 22/08/2022