Skip to main content
  • Share:

Affordable housing

Housing for very low and low income households where rent or mortgage payments are below 30 per cent of gross household income or the household is eligible to occupy rental accommodation under the National Rental Affordability Scheme.

 

Biodiversity

‘Biodiversity’ or ‘biological diversity’ describes the variety of life on Earth – the life forms, the different plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain and the ecosystems they form. It is usually considered at three levels: genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity.

 

Biodiversity offsets

Measures that benefit biodiversity by compensating elsewhere for the adverse impacts of an action, such as clearing for development. Biodiversity offsets work by protecting and managing biodiversity values in one area in exchange for impacts on biodiversity values in another.

 

Biosecurity

Biosecurity is the term used to apply to measures that are taken to protect the economy, environment and community from the negative impacts of pests, diseases and weeds.

 

Biophysical Strategic Agricultural Lands

Lands with high-quality soil and water resources, capable of sustaining high levels of productivity.

 

Coastal Zone Management Plans

Plans that address risks from coastal hazards such as coastal erosion, as well as manage threats to estuary health. These plans also need to address the projected impacts of climate change, including projected sea level rise, on coastal erosion and estuary health.

 

Central Business District

The main cluster of business found within a town or city.

 

Employment lands

Land zoned for industrial or similar purposes in planning instruments. These are generally lower density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities.

 

Enabling infrastructure

Essential services that are required for a development to occur, such as water supply, energy supply, waste water systems, stormwater drainage and vehicular access.

 

Global gateways

The Port of Newcastle and Newcastle Airport.

 

Greater Newcastle

The continuous urban area covering Cessnock, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, Newcastle and Port Stephens Local Government Areas. An indicative boundary is provided in the Plan and this will be refined in consultation with stakeholders.

 

Greenfield housing

A new housing development area that has not been previously developed or used for other urban purposes.

 

Gross domestic product (GDP)

A measure of the size of a country’s economy and productivity. GDP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a country within a given period of time.

 

Gross regional product (GRP)

A measure of the size of a region’s economy and productivity. Similar to gross domestic product GRP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a region within a given period of time.

 

Gross state product (GSP)

A measure of the size of a State’s economy and productivity. GSP is a counterpart of GDP and is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced in a State within a given period of time.

 

Household size

The average number of people living in a dwelling in a State, region or locality.

 

Housing affordability

The term refers broadly to a person’s ability to pay for their housing.

 

Housing choice

The types of housing available to meet the current or future needs of the community. Housing diversity is driven by factors such as the make-up of the population, affordability and lifestyle trends.

 

Housing types

Forms of housing, such as single dwellings, boarding houses, dual occupancies, group homes, hostels, multi-dwelling housing, residential flat buildings, secondary dwellings, semi-detached dwellings, seniors housing and shop top housing.

 

Hunter Region

The Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Cessnock, Dungog, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, MidCoast, Muswellbrook, Newcastle, Port Stephens, Singleton and the Upper Hunter.

 

Important agricultural land

The existing or future location of local or regionally important agricultural industries or agricultural resources, mapped using the NSW DPI important agricultural lands methodology.

 

Infill development

Development in areas already used for urban purposes. Specifically, the re-use of a site within the existing urban footprint for new housing, businesses or other urban development.

 

Inter-regional transport networks and gateways

Major facilities that provide transportation into and beyond the region via the M1 Pacific Motorway and Hunter Expressway as well as the heavy rail network, Newcastle Airport and Port of Newcastle.

 

Local centres (centres of local significance)

Local centres provide jobs and services such as shopping, dining, entertainment, health and personal services to meet the daily and weekly needs of the local community.

 

Local Plans (Local Environmental Plans or LEPs)

A statutory, spatial plan, typically prepared for a local government area by a council, and endorsed by the Minister for Planning. Through the use of land zoning and other development controls, a local plan is typically the main mechanism for determining the type and amount of development which can occur on each parcel of land in NSW. Local plans are the main planning tool that shapes the future of communities and ensures local development is appropriate. They guide planning decisions by local councils.

 

Mixed use centres

Local centres that facilitate a mixture of commercial, retail, residential and other land uses based on market demand and investment confidence rather than single land use zone boundaries.

 

Newcastle City Centre

The historic centre of Newcastle, stretching from Wickham in the west to Newcastle East in the east.

 

Public domain

Public spaces, used with little or no restriction on a daily basis by the community, including parks, plazas, streets and public infrastructure.

 

Special infrastructure contributions

A financial contribution paid during the development process to help fund regional infrastructure required to support development in the region over the next 20 years.

 

Sustainability

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

 

Transport interchange

An identified interchange between different modes of transport or a place connecting different modes of transport.

 

Urban Development Program

The NSW Government’s key program for monitoring and managing the supply of housing land in the Hunter.

1 NSW Department of Planning and Environment 2016, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Population Projections 2011-2036, New South Wales Government, Sydney

 

2 Ibid

 

3 Estimated population at 2011 for LGAs of Cessnock, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, and Newcastle. Population for Greater Newcastle based on these LGAs at 2016 is estimated to be 502,000. Source: NSW Department of Planning and Environment 2016, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Household & Dwelling Projections 2011-2036, New South Wales Government, Sydney

 

4 Bureau of Transport Statistics, Summary Employment Forecasts 2011-2041, September 2014 Release V2.0, New South Wales Government, Sydney

 

5 University of Newcastle, New Space Project Fact Sheet, n.d., viewed 20 July 2016 https://www.newcastle.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/145912/Project-Fact-Sheet.pdf

 

Deloitte Access Economics 2012, Prospects and Challenges for the Hunter Region: A Strategic Economic Study, p. 4, Regional Development Australia Hunter, viewed 7 July 2016 http://rdahunter.org.au/_literature_343/Prospects_and_Challenges_for_the_Hunter

 

7 Deloitte Access Economics 2014, Economic profiling and strategy analysis for regional economic development in NSW, cited in NSW Trade and Investment, Economic Profile Hunter: Prepared for the Economic Development Strategy for Regional NSW, 2015, NSW Government, https://www.industry.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/67704/4.-Hunter_Regional-Economic-Profile_Feb2015.pdf

 

8 Except for Upper Hunter, Muswellbrook, and former Gloucester and Greater Taree Council areas which are estimates based on the employment shares of these areas to total Hunter employment using the 2011 JTW Census. Bureau of Transport Statistics, Summary Employment Forecasts 2011-2041, September 2014 Release V2.0, New South Wales Government.  

 

9 Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics 2016, Domestic Aviation Activity 2015 – 16, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Australian Government, https://bitre.gov.au/publications/ongoing/files/domestic_airline_activity_2015_2016.pdf

 

10 Op cit., Bureau of Transport Statistics, Summary Employment Forecasts 2011-2041

 

11 Transport for NSW 2013, NSW Freight and Ports Strategy, New South Wales Government, p.6,  https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/media/documents/2017/NSW-Freight-and-Ports-Strategy-Full-Strategy-Low-Resolution.pdf

 

12 Op cit., Bureau of Transport Statistics, Summary Employment Forecasts 2011-2041

 

13 Based on Bureau of Transport Statistics 2016, Employment Forecasts 2011-2041. Employment projections by industry type for MidCoast Council were not available at the time of publication and are not included in the employment categories.

 

14 Department of Industry, Innovation and Science 2015, Australian Innovation System Report, p. 4, Australian Government, viewed 26 July 2016, http://www.industry.gov.au/Office-of-the-Chief-Economist/Publications/Documents/Australian-Innovation-System/Australian-Innovation-System-Report-2015.pdf

 

15 Hunter Valley Research Foundation 2016, Hunter Region Economic Indicators, p. 4, viewed 19 July 2016, http://www.hrf.com.au/uploads/publications/Hunter-Economic-Indicators-Mar-2016.pdf

 

16 NSW Trade and Investment 2013, Creative Industry Economic Profile, Sydney

 

17 Department of Industry and Science 2015, The employment dynamics of Australian entrepreneurship, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

 

18 Op cit., Bureau of Transport Statistics, Summary Employment Forecasts 2011-2041

 

19 Destination NSW, Travel to the Hunter: Year ended June 2015, 2015, viewed 14 July 2016 http://www.destinationnsw.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ The-Hunter-YE-Jun-15.pdf

 

20 NSW Department of Industry, unpublished, 'Comments on draft Hunter Regional Plan Outline', using ABS data and applying the standard ABS multiplier for agriculture production, New South Wales Government

 

21 Based on NSW State capacity of electricity generation of power stations larger than 30 MW. Department of Industry, Resources and Energy n.d., Major Existing NSW Power Stations, New South Wales Government, viewed 14 July 2016, http://www.resourcesandenergy.nsw.gov.au/investors/investment-opportunities/electricity-generation

 

22 AGL Energy 2016, Sustainability Report 2016, Community Engagements, viewed 14 July 2016 http://agl2016.sustainability-report.com.au/community/community-engagement

 

23 Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), 2004,Wildlife Corridors, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/nature/landholderNotes15WildlifeCorridors.pdf viewed on 17 June 2016

 

24 This figure is based on the area zoned RE1 and RE2 in Hunter Councils’ Local Environmental Plans at October 2016

 

25 Op cit., NSW Department of Planning and Environment 2016, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Household & Dwelling Projections 2011-2036

 

26 Op cit., NSW Department of Planning and Environment 2016, New South Wales State and Local Government Area Population Projections 2011-2036

 

27 Ibid

Page last updated: 04/07/2019