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NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
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Housing for very low, low and moderate income households where:

  • rent or mortgage payments are below 30 per cent of gross household income; or
  • the household is eligible to occupy rental accommodation under the National Rental Affordability Scheme.


A building containing three or more dwellings, including flats, units or dwellings attached to a shop or office. It does not include an attached dwelling or multi-dwelling house.

Biodiversity corridor

An identified area of land that connects flora and fauna populations, separated by human developments and activities, for the purpose of increasing the biodiversity of an area.

Biodiversity certification

A streamlined biodiversity assessment of areas marked for development at the strategic planning stage, including a range of options for offsetting impacts on biodiversity.

Employment Lands Development Program

The Employment Lands Development Program (ELDP) is the NSW Government’s key program for managing the supply of employment lands in the region.

Existing urban areas

Land zoned for an urban purpose, excluding greenfield release areas and future employment lands.

Greenfield development

Urban development of new release areas identified by the NSW Government that has not been previously developed or used for other purposes.

Gross regional product (GRP)

A measure of the size of a regional economy and productivity. GRP is the market value of all final goods and services produced in a region within a given period of time.

Innovation Campus

A research and commercial precinct developed by the University of Wollongong. The Campus is a centre of innovation, research and education, located in close proximity to Wollongong’s commercial core and the main campus of the university.


The Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Wollongong, Kiama, Shellharbour and Shoalhaven.

Multi-dwelling development

A development containing two or more dwellings (whether attached or detached) on one lot of land that is accessed at the ground level. It includes dual occupancy, townhouses, villas, terraces and other semi-detached dwellings. This definition differs from the Standard Instrument Local Environmental Plan definition so as to capture dual occupancies as a form of multi-dwelling housing.

Public Domain

Public spaces, used with little or no restriction on a daily basis by the community, including parks, plazas, streets and public infrastructure.

Urban Feasibility Model (UFM)

A strategic planning tool that calculates the dwelling potential of each Local Government Area in the region, based on current local environmental plans and development control plans and the economic feasibility of developing housing potential, based on development costs and local property markets.

Single-dwelling housing

A single dwelling is a building that contains only one dwelling.

Social infrastructure

Includes a wide range of built facilities, services and networks of organisations. It includes community facilities such as schools, hospitals, police stations, libraries and child-care centres, and community services such as health services, disability services, and youth development and aged-care services.


1 NSW Trade and Investment (January 2015), Illawarra Economic Profile, Prepared for the Economic Development Strategy for Regional NSW
2 ibid
3 Deloitte Access Economics (2014), Infrastructure for Illawarra’s Economic Future, for Infrastructure NSW
5 Bureau of Transport Statistics (2011), Travel Zone Explorer,,5645,5646,5647,5649,5651,5641,5642,5618,5620,5644,5650,5648,5606 
6 MMJ Wollongong (2015), ‘On the Front Foot’, presentation given at the Property Council of Australia’s Illawarra Outlook 2015
7 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011), 2011 Census data ‘Wollongong LGA Community Profile’
8 Australian Research Council (2012), Excellence in Research for Australia, Australian Government,
9 Wollongong University (2013), submission to The Illawarra over the next 20 years: A Discussion Paper
10 Property Council of Australia (2014), Shaping Wollongong, 
11 Wollongong City Council (2014) Wollongong Public Spaces Public Life November 2014. 
12 ibid
13 University of Wollongong (2013), submission to The Illawarra over the next 20 years: A Discussion Paper
14 Port Kembla Port Corporation (n.d.) Port Kembla, 
15 NSW Ports (n.d.), Trade Report 2012/2013 – NSW Ports,
16 Advantage Wollongong (2011), Port Kembla Harbour Upgrade,
17 Advantage Wollongong (2014), Wollongong Investor Prospectus, 
18 Op cit. Travel Zone Explorer
19 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011), 2011 Census data ‘Wollongong LGA Community Profile’
20 The Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District, Shellharbour Hospital Service Plan 2013-2023 (n.d.), 
21 Cardno (2014), Illawarra Industrial Lands Study, prepared for the Department of Planning and Environment
22 NSW Department of Planning (2008), Employment Lands Guidelines for the Illawarra
23 SGS Economics and Planning (2014), Review of Illawarra Retail Centres (2014), prepared for the Department of Planning and Environment
24 Op cit, Travel Zone Explorer
25 Transport for NSW, Bureau of Transport Statistics (2011), Journey To Work,
26 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012), What is the value of Australia’s Agricultural Commodities? Small Area Data, Australia, 2010-11, Cat 7503.0, Canberra
27 IRIS Research (2015), Illawarra Region March 2015
28 NSW Department of Trade and Investment (2014), submission to The Illawarra over the next 20 years: A Discussion Paper
29 Advice from NSW Department of Trade and Investment, Division of Resources and Energy
30 Advice from NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
31 NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (n.d), NSW Climate projections map for 2060-2079,
32 Southern Councils Group (2014), Regional Waste Avoidance & Resource Recovery Strategy, prepared by Wright Corporate Strategy
33 NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (2013), ‘Environmental Sensitivity of Lake Wollumboola: Input to considerations of development applications for Long Bow Point, Culburra’

Page last updated: 10/02/2020