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NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
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Affordable housing

Housing for very low and low income households where rent or mortgage payments are below 30 per cent of gross household income or the household is eligible to occupy rental accommodation under the National Rental Affordability Scheme.



A business that earns most or all of its revenues from agriculture. An agribusiness could include food and fibre production, agrichemicals, seed supply, farm machinery wholesale and distribution, freight, logistics, processing, marketing and retail sales.



‘Biodiversity’ or ‘biological diversity’ describes the variety of life on Earth – the life forms, the different plants, animals and microorganisms, the genes they contain and the ecosystems they form. It is usually considered at three levels: genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity.


Biodiversity offsets

Measures that benefit biodiversity by compensating elsewhere for the adverse impacts of an action, such as clearing for development. Biodiversity offsets work by protecting and managing biodiversity values in one area in exchange for impacts on biodiversity values in another.



Measures that are taken to protect the economy, environment and community from the negative impacts of pests, diseases and weeds.


Coastal Area

Comprising land east of the planned Pacific Highway alignment, plus the urban areas of Tweed Heads around the Cobaki Broadwater.



Centres provide jobs and services such as shopping, dining, health and personal services to meet the daily and weekly needs of the local community.


Climate change

A change in the state of climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer (Garnaut Review, 2008).


Employment lands

Land zoned for industrial or similar purposes (i.e. land zoned B5 Business Development or B7 Business Park in planning instruments). These are generally lower density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities.


Employment nodes

Land use clusters that leverage and support intensification of economic activity in and around key employment anchors like hospitals, universities and airports.


Greenfield housing

A new housing development area that has not been previously developed or used for other urban purposes.


Gross Regional Product (GRP)

A measure of the size of a region’s economy and productivity. The market value of all final goods and services produced in a region within a given period of time.


Housing choice

The types of housing available to meet the current or future needs of the community. Housing choice is driven by factors such as the make-up of the population, affordability and lifestyle trends.


Housing density

One of several measures that describe how intensively an urban area is developed. It is normally measured as the number of dwellings in a given area.


Household size

The average number of people living in a dwelling in a State, region or locality.


Housing types

Forms of housing, such as single dwellings, boarding houses, dual occupancies, group homes, hostels, multi-dwelling housing, residential flat buildings, secondary dwellings, semi-detached dwellings, seniors housing and shop top housing.


Important agricultural land

Land identified as State or regionally significant farmland under the Northern Rivers Farmland Protection Project (2005) and Mid North Coast Farmland Mapping Project (2008).


Local Growth Management Strategy

A plan prepared to support effective and integrated planning across a local government area. Prepared as a single, whole of local government area document, or a series of related components, a local growth management strategy guides the development of new local environmental plans and development control plans to implement policy.


Local Plans (Local Environmental Plans or Development Control Plans)

Statutory and non-statutory plans prepared by council for a local government area to guide planning decisions by local councils. Through the use of land zoning and other development controls, a local plan is typically the main mechanism for determining the type and amount of development which can occur on each parcel of land in NSW. Local plans are the main planning tool that shapes the future of communities and ensures local development is appropriate.


Mixed use centres

Centres that facilitate a mixture of commercial, retail, residential and other land uses based on market demand and investment confidence rather than single land use zone boundaries.


Nature-based tourism

Tourism based on the natural attractions of an area. Examples include birdwatching, photography, stargazing, camping, hiking, hunting, fishing, scuba diving, mountain biking, wakeboard and water skiing.


North Coast region

The Local Government Areas of Tweed, Byron, Ballina, Lismore, Kyogle, Richmond Valley, Clarence Valley, Coffs Harbour, Bellingen, Nambucca, Kempsey and Port Macquarie-Hastings.


Precinct planning

The preparation of a blueprint for an area which involves investigations into appropriate land use and built form options, physical environment constraints, infrastructure requirements, community values and expectations and tenure arrangements.


Public domain

Public spaces, used with little or no restriction on a daily basis by the community, including parks, plazas, streets and public infrastructure.


Regional city

Centres with the largest commercial component of any location in the region and that provides a full range of higher-order services, including hospitals and tertiary education services. Tweed Heads, Lismore, Coffs Harbour and Port Macquarie are the four regional cities for the North Coast.


Strategic centres

Centres of regional strategic importance including Ballina and Grafton.



Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.


Transport interchange

An identified interchange between different modes of transport or a place connecting different modes of transport.


Urban Growth Areas

Includes all land zoned for various urban purposes and all future potential urban land releases as illustrated on the Urban Growth Area Maps. These areas will provide for housing, business, industrial, infrastructure and community facilities to accommodate the future regional population. Not all land identified within urban growth areas will be suitable for development and further detailed assessment will be required.

  1. Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water 2010, Far North Coast Regional Conservation Plan, Sydney.
  2. NSW Treasury, NSW Budget Papers 2016-2017 Infrastructure Statement.
  3. Department of State, Industry and Regional Development 2015, Regional Tourism Infrastructure Fund, Sydney
  4. NSW Government 2011, Pacific Highway Upgrade Submission to Infrastructure Australia
  5. NSW Department of Planning and Environment 2016, Population, Household and Dwelling Projections 2011-2036, Sydney.
  6. Queensland Government Statistician’s Office 2015, Projected population (medium series), by statistical area level 2 (SA2), SA3 and SA4, Queensland, 2011 to 2036, Brisbane, Queensland. 
  7. Op Cit., Far North Coast Regional Conservation Plan. 
  8. Calculation based on Australia Bureau of Statistics, (2011), Census, Basic Community Profile.
  9. Gold Coast Airport 2011, Gold Coast Airport 2011 Master Plan, Bilinga, Queensland.
  10. Op Cit., Projected population (medium series), by statistical area level 2 (SA2), SA3 and SA4, Queensland, 2011 to 2036.
  11. Op Cit., Population, Household and Dwelling Projections 2011-2036.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Destination NSW 2016, Travel to North Coast NSW region: Year ended June 2016 
  14. Op Cit., Population, Household and Dwelling Projections 2011-2036.
  15. Ibid.

Page last updated: 20/07/2020