NSW Department of Planning and Environment

Glossary and Endnotes


Affordable housing

Housing for very low and low income households where rent or mortgage payments are less than 30 per cent of gross household income or the household is eligible to occupy rental accommodation under the National Rental Affordability Scheme.


‘Biodiversity’ or ‘biological diversity’ describes the variety of life on Earth – the life forms, the different plants, animals and microorganisms, the genes they contain and the ecosystems they form. It is usually considered at three levels: genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity.


Measures that are taken to protect the economy, environment and community from the negative impacts of pests, diseases and weeds.

Central business district (CBD)

The main cluster of businesses found within a town or city.


Centres provide jobs and services such as shopping, dining, health and personal services to meet the daily and weekly needs of the local community.

Climate change

A change in the state of climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer (Garnaut Review, 2008).

Employment lands

Land zoned for industrial or similar purposes (that is, land zoned B5 Business Development or B7 Business Park in planning instruments). These are generally lower density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities.

Household size

The average number of people living in a dwelling in a State, region or locality.

Housing affordability

The term refers broadly to a person’s ability to pay for their housing.

Housing choice

The types of housing available to meet the current or future needs of the community. Housing choice is driven by factors such as the make-up of the population, affordability and lifestyle trends.

Housing types

Forms of housing, such as single dwellings, boarding houses, dual occupancies, group homes, hostels, multi-dwelling housing, residential flat buildings, secondary dwellings, semi-detached dwellings, seniors housing and shop top housing.

South East and Tablelands region

Includes the local government areas of Bega Valley, Eurobodalla, Goulburn-Mulwaree, Hilltops, Queanbeyan-Palerang, Snowy Monaro, Upper Lachlan, Wingecarribee, and Yass Valley.

Strategic centres

Centres with the largest commercial component of any location in the region and that provide a full range of higher-order services, including access to hospitals and tertiary education services. Strategic centres in the region include Batemans Bay, Bega, Cooma, Goulburn, Moss Vale, and Queanbeyan.


Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Visitor economy

The production of goods and services for consumption by visitors, including the industries that directly serve visitors, such as hotels, transport providers, tour companies and attractions, as well as intermediaries and those involved indirectly, such as retailers and food producers.

  1. Department of Planning and Environment (2016), 2016 New South Wales State and Local Government Area Population and Household Projections, Sydney, NSW
  2. Bureau of Transport Statistics 2011, Journey to Work 2011, State of NSW, Sydney.
  3. ACIL Tasman 2011 Economic impact of Canberra Airport: 2010 to 2030, ACIL Tasman, Melbourne.
  4. Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics 2013 Cities: Population growth, jobs growth and commuting flows – a comparison of Australia’s four largest cities, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Canberra.
  5. NSW Parliamentary Research Service 2015 Western Sydney: An Economic Profile, Briefing Paper No 10/2015, State of New South Wales, Sydney.
  6. Bureau of Transport Statistics 2011, Journey to Work 2011, State of NSW, Sydney.
  7. Fresh Intelligence Consulting 2016, Australian Cherry Exports, cited in The Hon. Barnaby Joyce's website, http://minister.agriculture.gov.au/joyce/Pages/default.aspx.
  8. South East Region of Renewable Energy Excellence n.d. About SEEREE, accessed 12 May 2017.
  9. NSW Department of Primary Industries 2011, Aquaculture Production Report 2010-11, State of NSW, Sydney
  10. ibid.
  11. ibid.
  12. Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney, n.d. Sydney’s Food Futures, accessed 12 May 2017.
  13. Eden Local Aboriginal Land Council, n.d. The Bundian Way Home, accessed 12 May 2017.
  14. Aboriginal Affairs NSW, n.d., Solution Brokerage, accessed 12 May 2017.
  15. NSW Office of Environment and Heritage 2015, unpublished data, provided September 2015.
  16. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities 2012, National Wildlife Corridors Plan: A framework for landscape-scale conservation, Australian Government, Canberra
  17. Department of Primary Industries, n.d. Batemans Bay Marine Park, accessed 12 May 2017
  18. Great Eastern Ranges Initiative, n.d. About Us, accessed 12 May 2017.
  19. Independent Review Panel 2006, South Coast Sensitive Urban Lands Review, accessed 12 May 2017.
  20. Water NSW n.d. Sydney’s drinking water catchments, accessed 12 May 2017.
  21. Roberts, Anthony 2015, Three CSG licences over the Sydney Water Catchment cancelled, media release, accessed 12 May 2017.
  22. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012), What is the value of Australia’s Agricultural Commodities? Small Area Data, Australia, 2010/11, Cat 7503.0, Canberra
  23. Snowy Hydro, The Snowy Mountains Scheme

Page last updated: 09/01/2023