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NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
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The NSW Government will work with each council to deliver the directions and actions set out in this Plan. This section includes priorities for individual councils to guide further investigation and implementation.


The priorities build on the directions and actions in this Plan to achieve desired outcomes on the ground. Planning will encourage infrastructure delivery and target the needs of communities. It will also encourage more efficient allocation of resources and investment to improve the liveability and sustainability of the region.


The NSW Government will assist councils to translate these priorities into local plans.




With 40 per cent of the Shire in National Parks or public reserves and a 225 - kilometre coastline encompassing 101 beaches and 29 estuaries, the Bega Valley Shire environment is a natural advantage that underpins the economy and the quality of life enjoyed by 33,000 residents. Agricultural lands encompass 27 per cent of the Shire and are principally home to dairy, beef and fodder-production enterprises.


Bega’s natural advantage can attract new enterprise and industry, as well as emerging industries, market trends and technological advancement.


Bega Valley is predicted to grow by 2,650 people by 2036, requiring an additional 2,350 dwellings. Bega is the Shire’s strategic centre and serves as an administrative, education and business hub. The major coastal towns of Merimbula, Pambula, Bermagui, Tathra and Eden satisfy residential and tourism needs. These towns experience a three-fold boost in their populations during the summer peak. On average, Bega Valley Shire receives over 820,000 visitors annually, spending around $350 million each year.


The expansion of the Port of Eden, Merimbula Airport upgrade and the opening of the South East Regional Hospital are vital to the local economy. Improving transport links to the Monaro, ACT and inland areas of NSW will continue to increase domestic and international tourism, grow and diversify local food production and attract industry and new businesses to the Bega Valley Shire.


  • Continue to expand local health and educational facilities, with targeted attraction and recognition of research and innovation opportunities along with excellence in agritech and other sectors.
  • Improve transport links between the Port of Eden and the Monaro, ACT and Hume rail and road corridor.
  • Protect and enhance Bega Valley’s environmental values, underpinning the smart growth of towns and the tourism industry.


Economy and employment

  • Leverage economic growth from infrastructure improvements at the Port of Eden through new and improved transport links.
  • Promote and support the Shire as a base for innovation and entrepreneurs.
  • Grow a unique, flexible and innovative agricultural industry, including a regional food brand.



  • Ensure residential growth in the coastal zone does not impact Bega’s natural advantage.
  • Consolidate rural residential growth in high demand catchments near existing developments and infrastructure.
  • Implement long-term development plans for the Shire’s villages.



Eurobodalla Local Government Area has a strong rural and coastal heritage and Aboriginal culture. Its natural environment to the east is dominated by beaches, rivers, bays, lakes, inlets, wetlands, and dramatic rock formations and headlands. To the west are large areas of coastal wilderness, primarily in national parks and state forests. The economy-originally built on dairying, forestry and fishing-is now based around tourism, agriculture, aquaculture, retail, property and health services.


Eurobodalla Local Government Area is predicted to grow by 2,200 people by 2036, requiring an additional 3,000 dwellings, due to its ageing population and decreasing household size. Planning for population growth over the next 20 years will need to minimise impacts on the environment and other assets that existing residents enjoy. While there is sufficient land zoned to accommodate the anticipated growth, development must be environmentally sensitive, and new residential areas must be adequately serviced with community and transport infrastructure.


Batemans Bay will continue to be the main retail and commercial centre. It will be supported by a mix of new development including retail, commercial, residential and tourist accommodation. Moruya and Narooma will continue to function as local centres that will grow to support and provide services to their surrounding communities. In addition, Eurobodalla’s many unique and character-filled coastal and rural villages will continue to offer a range of lifestyle choices.


Economic planning will strengthen the qualities that attract people to the area: high quality tourism and recreation opportunities; innovative agriculture; food and rural tourism; and heritage, cultural and natural experiences. In addition, improvements to transport and telecommunications infrastructure and education and health services will attract more clean, green and knowledgebased businesses and industries.



  • Improve transport, communications and other infrastructure.
  • Redevelop Moruya Airport to facilitate economic development and tourism.
  • Re-develop the Mackay Park Precinct in Batemans Bay.
  • Protect and enhance the natural environment to ensure ecosystems remain resilient.
  • Strengthen the natural and cultural experiences that attract residents and visitors and provide a high quality of life.


Economy and employment

  • Develop a more diverse and growing economy.
  • Grow tourism, maximise the opportunities of Canberra Airport, and position Eurobodalla as an iconic nature-based and regional food destination.
  • Grow and diversify the area’s agricultural and aquaculture, including value-added activities, access to national and international markets, and innovative industries.
  • Support new and emerging job opportunities associated with knowledge-intensive industries and digital technology.
  • Secure additional employment land.



  • Encourage more diverse and affordable housing choices, particularly for older people.
  • Plan for sustainable land release communities.



As Australia’s first inland city, Goulburn is a strategic centre rich in heritage, contemporary services and natural beauty. Goulburn and its surrounding towns and villages – including Marulan, Tallong, Windellama, Tarago, Towrang, Lake Bathurst and Bungonia – combine an easygoing lifestyle and city accessibility. Residents take pride in the city’s heritage and modern assets, strong arts and emerging entertainment scene, and economic opportunities.


Investment in services and assets include a wastewater treatment facility; upgraded aquatic centre and adventure playground; and a CBD enhancement program. Cultural projects like the Wollondilly Walking Track and adaptive re-use of a heritage building for a Performing Arts Centre contribute to community life.


Affordable housing, a better cost of living and proximity to Canberra and Sydney, with easy access to the South Coast and the Snowy Mountains, attract new residents. Goulburn-Mulwaree’s population is projected to increase by at least 4,700 people by 2036, requiring more than 3,000 new dwellings. While the city is expected to accommodate most of this growth, it will be a challenge to balance mixed uses and densities, valued heritage assets, affordable housing prices and access to essential services.


Goulburn-Mulwaree Local Government Area has expanded from traditional agricultural, with the region’s largest employers being health care and social assistance, retail, trade, and public administration and safety. Hard rock and limestone extraction at Marulan and the region’s only bioreactor at Tarago contribute to local and national construction markets.


As an accessible location on Australia’s arterial highway, home to an intermodal rail transport facility, and an hour from Canberra’s 24-hour international freight airport, Goulburn-Mulwaree is prepared for globalisation. An increasing number of start-ups, businesses and industries are taking advantage of the cost-effective opportunities and range of supporting and serviceable businesses.



  • Continue to develop Goulburn as an inland transport hub to connect the region to local and global markets.
  • Build capacity and self-sufficiency to create a resilient community.
  • Create and maintain connected natural areas across the landscape for ecosystem functioning and biodiversity conservation.
  • Sustainably manage natural resources using best practices and regional collaboration with key stakeholders.


Economy and employment

  • Support the resources, transport, health care and tourism sectors to facilitate employment and economic growth.
  • Strengthen relationships and opportunities with Western Sydney and Canberra to grow the local economy.
  • Grow existing businesses by establishing networks and providing information to business owners and business groups.
  • Facilitate opportunities for education and development of the workforce, particularly in growing sectors.
  • Develop a proud, active and safe culture, including a night-time economy within the Goulburn CBD, to attract skilled workers.



  • Diversify the housing market to respond to demographic change and pre-empt housing affordability pressures.
  • Promote successful adaptive heritage, re-use opportunities and conserve the area’s unique built heritage.
  • Encourage design innovation and quality outcomes to complement the natural and built heritage with modern architecture.



Located one and a half hours from Canberra and less than four hours from Sydney, Hilltops Local Government Area is a diverse agricultural and horticultural area that is renowned for its picturesque countryside and fresh produce.


Known as the ‘Cherry Capital of Australia’, it is home to the National Cherry Festival and is increasingly recognised for producing quality cool climate wines and foods such as organic lamb, pork, duck, beef, free range chickens, diverse grains, olive oils, cherries, plums, prunes, peaches and apricots. Agricultural production is estimated at $269 million.20


The strategic centre of Young delivers local retail, commercial and community services and a high quality of life for residents and visitors. The Hilltops Local Government Area is also home to smaller rural towns and villages, including the local centres of Harden and Boorowa, home of the Irish Woolfest and the Running of the Sheep events. The population of these communities is changing, with 30 per cent expected to be over 65 by 2036 (up from 24 per cent in 2016), and the number of people under 14 expected to increase to 22 per cent (up from 18 per cent).


Hilltops Local Government Area is adjacent to the Upper Lachlan and Yass Valley local government areas and is bordered by the Riverina-Murray region to the south west and Central West and Orana region to the north. The Main Southern Rail line traverses the area and is an important freight link.



  • Capitalise on economic, housing and servicing opportunities arising from the area’s proximity to Canberra, including advances in technology to create smart work opportunities.
  • Enhance community access to jobs, goods and services.
  • Address land management issues that could impact agricultural productivity and viability, including erosion, salinity, weed management, on-farm practices and management of the water table.


Economy and employment

  • Grow and diversify the area’s agricultural base, including value-add activities, expansion into agricultural research and technology and access to national and international markets.
  • Capitalise on value-add opportunities in food processing with the growth of intensive farming industries.
  • Leverage regional assets such as the region’s quality wines and cherries to promote tourism.
  • Capitalise on the area’s freight links north and west off the Hume Highway.



  • Grow housing in Young, Boorowa and Harden.
  • Support the unique character of the region’s village and rural lifestyle.
  • Enhance the variety of housing options to cater for an ageing population.
  • Work with stakeholders to secure a sustainable water source for urban use.



Queanbeyan-Palerang Local Government Area is home to historic towns and villages, productive rural activities, modern urban centres and high quality natural environments. It is adjacent to the ACT and is influenced by the activities of the ACT and Australian governments.


The rural character of Bungendore and Braidwood contrast with the largely suburban character of Queanbeyan. Proximity to Canberra means many residents live in NSW while travelling to the ACT for work. Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council has formalised its relationship with the ACT to facilitate joint efforts such as an integrated transport strategy.


Natural areas include pristine streams and forests containing a diversity of flora and fauna, highvalue grasslands and woodlands, and important biodiversity corridors linking to the ACT and beyond. High wind paths suit wind farms for renewable energy generation. The increasing interest in solar power generation is similar to that underway in the ACT, as well, interest in wind power continues.


Employment in public administration, defence, transport, professional, scientific and technical services is expected to continue, particularly given the relationship with Canberra. Traditional industries include sheep and cattle grazing, stone fruit production and newer niche rural industries such as viticulture, organic farming, olive production, truffle growing and alpaca breeding.


Queanbeyan-Palerang Local Government Area is expected to require an additional 12,050 dwellings to accommodate 25,050 more people by 2036. Residential growth areas include Googong and Bungendore, and the proposed South Jerrabomberra. The availability of water will continue to influence the amount and location of additional urban development, particularly in areas such as Bungendore.



Work with the ACT Government to improve road and active transport connectivity and public transport integration; manage water, sewage, waste and renewable energy on a regional scale; plan and collaborate on major contiguous developments; plan for infrastructure requirements to support population growth; and support major events.


Protect and enhance the area’s high environmental value lands, waterways and water catchments.


Economy and employment

  • Continue to identify opportunities for economic growth flowing from the activities of the ACT, NSW and Australian governments.
  • Diversify the agriculture industry, including opportunities for value-added activities and access to national and international markets.
  • Encourage small-scale intensive animal production where this can be done without compromising the Sydney Drinking Water Catchment.
  • Leverage the area’s existing expertise in renewable energy to foster innovative economic development opportunities.



  • Coordinate the delivery of infrastructure for new release areas.
  • Provide further opportunities for residential development where it is supported by a strategic approach to housing.
  • Limit proposals for rural residential development to areas identified through an appropriate strategic planning process.
  • Work with stakeholders to secure suitable services, including water, to support residential development in approved locations.
  • Improve the attractiveness and amenity of main streets in towns and villages while retaining the rural ambience.


Snowy Monaro

The Snowy Monaro Local Government Area attracts many visitors each year for recreation and relaxation. It is home to the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme, which produced around 30 per cent of all renewable energy generated in the eastern Australian grid in 2014.21 It is located south of the ACT, with the NSW-Victoria border as its southern boundary. To its east is the South Coast, and to its west is the Riverina-Murray region.


Tourism contributes $500 million to the regional economy each year and accounts for 27 per cent of the South East and Tablelands total economic contribution from tourism. In 2016, the Snowy Mountains welcomed more than 1.3 million overnight international, domestic and day-trip visitors.


The east of the area is known for its fine wool, beef cattle, timber and lavender production. A growing link with Eden is developing through the forestry and tourism industries. Other initiatives such as the development of the Bundian Way – the traditional Aboriginal route from the coast to the mountains – as a hiking trail improves tourism and cultural links with the coast.


The Snowy Monaro is known for its Aboriginal and European heritage and high environmental value lands, from the high plateaus of the Monaro Plains, the Snowy Mountains and the headwaters of the Snowy and Murrumbidgee Rivers. These values support quality lifestyles and a strong tourism market. The unique landscape creates a strong sense of place and identity. Kosciusko National Park is a significant natural asset that supports employment and recreational opportunities.


Cooma is a strategic centre providing business, retail and entertainment uses. It services a significantly larger population during peak tourist times, particularly the winter ski season. The area is also home to the local centres of Jindabyne and Bombala. The population of Snowy Monaro is ageing, with 27 per cent of the population predicted to be over 65 by 2036.



  • Protect the unique alpine environment including scenic landscape qualities, acknowledging it as a cornerstone of the area’s visitor economy.
  • Recognise Cooma as a strategic centre, particularly in the winter months when the population swells.
  • Enhance community access to jobs, goods and services by improving connections. Economy and employment
  • Create a diverse and strong year-round tourism sector by maximising the opportunities associated with international flights at Canberra Airport and cruise ship visitation at the Port of Eden, and promoting year-round visitation in alpine areas.
  • Grow and diversify the area’s agricultural base, including opportunities for value-added activities, and capitalise on access to national and international markets.
  • Capitalise on the area’s proximity to Canberra to attract industry and investment, including advances in technology to create smart work opportunities.
  • Embed water security as feature of the area to attract certain industries.



  • Promote well planned, efficient and sustainable development that complements the area’s natural and cultural values.
  • Increase housing in Cooma, Jindabyne and Bombala.
  • Support the unique character of the area’s village and rural lifestyle.
  • Enhance the variety of housing options to cater for an ageing population.
  • Leverage the area’s access and proximity to Canberra to create new opportunities for housing.


Upper Lachlan

The Upper Lachlan Local Government Area sits on the Great Dividing Range and is bounded by the Abercrombie, Wollondilly and Lachlan rivers. At the centre of the Shire is Crookwell, two and a half hours from Sydney and one hour from Canberra. Most people live in Gunning, Collector, Taralga, Dalton, Binda, Tuena, Grabben Gullen, Laggan, Breadalbane, Jerrawa and Bigga.


The area’s villages have a rich history, particularly the stone architecture of Taralga, the gold mining history of Tuena, the fine wool heritage of Gunning and Bigga, and the bushranging past of Collector, Binda and Breadalbane.


The Upper Lachlan Local Government Area will see a 36 per cent growth in the number of people aged over 65 by 2036. The area has a population of around 8,000, with Crookwell and Gunning providing a health and medical service, a fire brigade, police services, banking, a post office and retail offerings.


Agriculture continues to underscore the economic and social fabric of the Shire, which is well known for its fine wool and potato production. Tourism is also a major economic driver. Wind farms are becoming an important part of the economic landscape, with the area home to the largest wind energy generator in NSW at Gullen Range.



  • Protect and enhance the area’s high environmental value lands, waterways and water catchments.
  • Protect important agricultural lands as resources for food security.
  • Protect the area’s valued heritage assets. Economy and employment
  • Capitalise on the area’s proximity to Canberra and Sydney to attract industry and investment, including using advances in technology to create smart work opportunities.
  • Promote the area as a destination and attract visitors from Canberra and Sydney.
  • Leverage the area’s existing expertise in renewable energy to foster innovative economic development opportunities.
  • Diversify the agriculture industry, including opportunities for value-added activities and access to national and international markets.



  • Support the rural lifestyle and the unique cultural and historic heritage of the area’s villages.
  • Support a variety of housing options and land developments to cater for an ageing population.



Within easy reach of Canberra, Sydney and the Illawarra, Wingecarribee Local Government Area is home to national parks, rural landscapes and historic country villages and towns. The traditional owners of Wingecarribee are the Gundungurra and D’harawal people. This area is recognised for its impressive 19th and 20th Century buildings and streetscapes. Berrima was the second settlement in the region and is the last remaining, largely intact, Georgian-period town on mainland Australia. Over 103,000 hectares of land is either national parks or nature reserves, representing 38 per cent of the Local Government Area. Almost the entire Shire is located within the Sydney Drinking Water Catchment.


The population is expected to grow by 4,050 people by 2036, requiring an additional 3,300 dwellings. By 2036, 27 per cent of the population will be aged over 65.


Moss Vale, Bowral and Mittagong service the needs of its residents for government administration, education, health and retail opportunities.


Direct links to the Hume Highway, the M7 and the main North-South rail line and dedicated freight line to Port Kembla provide access to Sydney’s economic markets. Almost 16 per cent of the resident workforce commutes to Sydney.


Tourism offers an array of activities and attractions including wineries, the Bradman Museum, and the Tulip Time Festival. Each year Wingecarribee Local Government Area has an average of 1.3 million visitors staying 925,000 nights, and spending approximately $220 million a year.



  • Protect high environmental value lands including regionally significant biodiversity corridors.
  • Protect the Sydney Drinking Water Catchment.
  • Protect important agricultural lands as a resource for food security.
  • Protect the Shire’s valued heritage assets.
  • Provide ongoing access to high quality health and education services.


Economy and employment

  • Capitalise on economic opportunities arising from the area’s proximity to Sydney.
  • Capitalise on the land availability in the Moss Vale Enterprise Corridor to attract industry and investment.
  • Grow and diversify the area’s agricultural base, including value-added activities, and capitalise on access to national and international markets in Sydney.
  • Promote the Shire as a destination and encourage visitors to Canberra to also visit Wingecarribee Shire.



  • Strategically plan for residential growth in existing urban areas and greenfield areas.
  • Increase housing in Moss Vale, Bowral and Mittagong.
  • Protect the unique character of the Shire’s village and rural lifestyle.
  • Enhance the variety of housing options to cater for an ageing population.


Yass Valley

Yass Valley Local Government Area has a proud heritage connection to early rural Australia, a modern food and wine scene, and a thriving arts culture. With its historic buildings, Burrinjuck Dam and cool climate wineries, it is an attractive place for visitors.


Yass supports a business district, hospital, medical services, schools and a TAFE. The local centre of Murrumbateman will experience substantial growth over the next 20 years.


The population is expected to increase by at least 6,250 people by 2036, requiring more than 3,000 new dwellings. Yass and Murrumbateman will accommodate the majority of this growth, maximising investment in infrastructure such as roads, water and sewer. The villages of Binalong, Bookham, Bowning, Gundaroo, Sutton and Wee Jasper are expected to retain their small village character and only accommodate minimal growth. Yass Valley Local Government Area is also home to the proposed cross-border development at Parkwood.


The area consists of predominantly productive rural lands and rural residential properties. Even though Yass provides residents with many services, its proximity to Canberra means people travel there for higher order services, health and tertiary education.


Grassland plains, gently rolling hills and green valleys give way to the spectacular Brindabella Ranges. The eastern part of the Local Government Area is in the Southern Eastern Highland Bioregion, while the western part is in the NSW South Western Slopes Bioregion.


Diversified rural products and emerging agricultural industries include wine, alpaca studs, olives and berries. Tourism will continue to be a significant economic driver, with opportunities to capitalise on tourists accessing the region from Canberra Airport.



  • Work with stakeholders to provide critical community infrastructure, including educational services.
  • Create efficient cross-border connections.
  • Protect and maintain the area’s high environmental value lands and heritage assets.
  • Protect and rehabilitate waterways and catchments.


Economy and employment

  • Foster regional access to agricultural export opportunities through Canberra Airport.
  • Capitalise on the area’s proximity to Canberra to attract industry and investment.
  • Promote the area as a destination that visitors to Canberra should also visit.
  • Foster and develop a diverse, adaptive and innovative agricultural industry.



  • Focus housing on existing centres rather than isolated land releases.
  • Work with stakeholders to secure a sustainable water source for urban use.
  • Identify and manage the efficient delivery of services to the proposed Parkwood development.


View other chapters

Goal 1- A connected and prosperous economy
Goal 2 - A diverse environment interconnected by biodiversity corridors
Goal 3- Healthy and connected communities
Goal 4- Environmentally sustainable housing choices
Glossary and Endnotes

Page last updated: 09/10/2019