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What are Employment Lands?

Employment Lands are defined as those lands that are:

 

“zoned for industrial or similar purposes in planning instruments. They are generally lower density employment areas containing concentrations of businesses involved in: manufacturing; transport and warehousing; service and repair trades and industries; integrated enterprises with a mix of administration, production, warehousing, research and development; and urban services and utilities”.

 

Since 2008, Employment Lands have been categorised into precincts for Greater Sydney and the Central Coast. These Employment Land Precincts were initially defined along industrial zone boundaries. Due to the implementation of the Standard Instrument Local Environmental Plan, these precincts may now include other business zones which permit a number of industrial uses. Employment Land Precincts are tracked separately under the Employment Land Precincts sub tabs.

 

For the third year, the Employment Lands Development Monitor (ELDM) has tracked the total stock and development status of all B5 Business Development, B6 Enterprise Corridor and B7 Business Park zoned land, in addition to all industrial zoned land, under the Standard Instrument Local Environmental Plans in the Greater Sydney and Central Coast region. This includes all related lands within the Employment Land and Business Park precincts.

 

Employment Land Supply Monitor

This year, the ELDM has expanded the Land Supply Monitor component to include the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region, in addition to including the Hunter Region for the first time last year.

 

The Employment Lands Development Monitor tracks the total stock and development status of all land (including employment lands outside precincts) zoned:

  • IN1 General Industrial
  • IN2 Light Industrial
  • IN3 Heavy Industrial
  • IN4 Working Waterfront
  • B5 Business Development
  • B6 Enterprise Corridor
  • B7 Business Park

 

Under the Standard Instrument Local Environment Plans in the Greater Sydney, Central Coast, Hunter and Illawarra-Shoalhaven Regions. The Hunter and Illawarra-Shoalhaven Regions also include Special Use zones for the Port and Airport.

 

Greater Sydney comprises the five districts as outlined in the Greater Sydney Region Plan – Eastern City district, Central City district, Western City district, North district, and South district.

 

At January 2018 there was 12,224 hectares of industrial zoned land and 2,773 hectares of business zoned land in Greater Sydney. 

 

Of this, 3,421 hectares of zoned land was undeveloped.  This comprised:

  • 2,730 hectares of industrial zoned land 
  • 140 hectares of B5
  • 113 hectares of B6
  • 438 hectares of B7

Most zoned, but undeveloped employment lands in Greater Sydney is zoned IN1.

 

Over 57 per cent (1,677 hectares) of the total undeveloped zoned land stock is contained in just 46 lots of over 10 hectares in size. The majority of these lots are located in the key precincts of Marsden Park, Eastern Creek and South of Sydney Water Pipeline, and are predominately zoned IN1 General Industrial. 

 

Land Supply Monitor Map for the Sydney Metropolitan Area:

Click to enlarge:

 

This map shows Zoned Employment Land Supply in the Greater Sydney Region. There are many large clusters of largely industrial zoned land in Western Sydney, surrounding Parramatta, Blacktown, Penrith, Liverpool and Campbelltown. There are some large areas of B7 Business Park zoned land surrounding Blacktown too. There are fewer, smaller and more dispersed clusters of both industrial and business zoned land in Sydney’s North, surrounding Brookvale, French’s Forest and Mona Vale. There are very small clusters of industrial zoned land in Sydney’s Inner West, and one large cluster of both industrial and business zoned land just north of Sydney’s airport.

 

This chart shows developed and undeveloped zoned employment land stock by district. Most of Greater Sydney's Developed Zoned Employment Land is in the Western and Central City Districts. Almost all Undeveloped Zoned Employment Land stock is also in the Western and Central City Districts. Numerical values presented on the image: District	Developed (hectares)	Undeveloped (hectares) Central City	3,411	1,181 Eastern City	1,450	45 North	518	44 South	1,515	150 Western City	3,925	1,518

 

Land supply monitor for the Greater Sydney Area (xls, 87KB)

 

Servicing

Of the total undeveloped zoned land contained in Employment Land Precincts, 646 hectares were serviced with water and sewer lead-in services at January 2018. This is a decrease of 17 hectares from January 2017.

Since 2008, Employment Lands have been categorised into precincts. These Employment Land Precincts were initially defined along industrial zone boundaries. Due to the implementation of the Standard Instrument Local Environmental Plan (in 2006), these precincts may now include other business zones which permit a number of industrial uses.

 

At January 2018 there was 13,755 hectares of total zoned employment land contained in Employment Land Precincts across Greater Sydney. This is a decrease of 71 hectares from the previous year. 

 

Zoned Employment Land Precincts for the Sydney Metropolitan Area

Click to enlarge:

 

This map shows Zoned Employment Land Precincts in the Greater Sydney Region. There are many large to medium sized precincts in Western Sydney, surrounding Parramatta, Blacktown, Penrith, Liverpool and Campbelltown. There are fewer precincts in Sydney’s North, and these are smaller and much more dispersed. They surround Brookvale, French’s Forest and Mona Vale. There are many very small precincts clustered together in Sydney’s Inner West, and some medium sized precincts surrounding Randwick and Kogarah.



Of the total zoned employment land stock contained in Employment Land Precincts, 21 per cent, or 2,937 hectares were undeveloped as at January 2018. This is a decrease of 95 hectares from January 2017.


In 2017 there were 28 hectares of industrial zoned land (IN General Industrial, IN2 Light Industrial, IN3 Heavy Industrial or IN4 Working Waterfront) added through rezoning in Employment Land Precincts across Greater Sydney. This occurred at Menangle Park in Campbelltown.


22 hectares of industrial land was rezoned for non-industrial purposes in 2017, including 8 hectares at the old Bonds Spinning Mill site at Pendle Hill in Cumberland and 5 hectares in the Northern Beaches suburb of Cromer.
 

A further 73 hectares were rezoned from Deferred Matter (DM) to Business Park (B7) at Werrington and St Marys in Penrith.

In 2017 there were eight planning proposals approved at the Gateway*. The finalisation of five of these proposals would result in the loss of around 58 hectares of employment land. The other three planning proposals would result in a minor gain of three hectares of employment land once finalised.

 

In 2017 there was one proposal lodged, but not yet determined, relating to employment lands. If finalised, this proposal would result in the net loss of 10 hectares of employment land.

 

* Refer to glossary for definition

In addition to existing zoned employment lands, there were 6,654 hectares of potential future employment lands as at January 2017. The majority of these future areas are identified in the South West Growth Centre Structure Plan and A Plan for Growing Sydney.
 
Not all these lands may be developable. These areas are subject to further investigations at the precinct planning stage to assess suitability for development. This will consider a range of constraints such as riparian corridors, topography, vegetation, transport corridors, local roads and lot fragmentation.

The Central Coast comprises the Central Coast Local Government Area (previously reported as the Gosford and Wyong Local Government Areas).

At January 2018 there was 1,857 hectares of industrial zoned land (IN1 General Industrial, IN2 Light Industrial, IN3 Heavy Industrial and IN4 Working Waterfront), 86 hectares of B5 Business Development zoned land, 113 hectares of B6 Enterprise Corridor zoned land and 49 hectares of B7 Business Park zoned land in the Central Coast region.


1,081 hectares
of the Central Coast’s industrial zoned land was undeveloped.  This comprised of:

  • 1,022 hectares of industrial zoned land
  • 7 hectares of B5
  • 25 hectares of B6
  • 8 hectares of B7

Over 62 per cent (670 hectares) of the total undeveloped zoned land stock is contained in just 28 lots of over 10 hectares in size. The majority of these lots (17) are located in Bushells Ridge and are zoned IN1 General Industrial.

 

This chart shows Undeveloped Employment Lands by zone in the Central Coast.  Almost all Employment Lands in the Central Coast Region are zoned IN1 General Industry (95%). Numerical values presented on the image: Zone	Area (ha) IN1	1,022 IN2	19 B5	7 B6	25

Zoned Employment Land Precincts Map for the Central Coast Region:

Click to enlarge:

 

This map shows Zoned Employment Land Supply in the Central Coast Region. Industrial zoned land is largely located along the motorway and railway line. There are two large areas of industrial zoned land to the north, surrounding Bushell’s Ridge and Warnervale. Areas of employment land surrounding Wyong and Tuggerah are medium sized and a mixture of industrial and business zones. There is a small cluster of mostly business zoned land at Erina, and two large clusters west of Erina on the motorway and railway.  
Servicing

Of the total undeveloped zoned land contained in Employment Land Precincts, 289 hectares were serviced with water and sewer lead-in services. Most of the undeveloped and serviced land was at Somersby (98 hectares), Wyong (89 hectares) and North Wyong (43 hectares).


Central Coast Land Supply Monitor 2018.xlsx

Since 2008, Employment Lands have been categorised into precincts. These Employment Land Precincts were initially defined along industrial zone boundaries. Due to the implementation of the Standard Instrument Local Environmental Plan, these precincts may now include other business zones which permit a number of industrial uses.


At January 2018 there was 1,994 hectares of total zoned employment land across the Central Coast contained in Employment Land Precincts across The Central Coast Region.

 

Zoned Employment Land Precincts Map for the Central Coast Region:

 

Click to enlarge:

 

This map shows Zoned Employment Land Precincts in the Central Coast Region. The precincts vary in size and are widely dispersed. There is one very large precinct at Bushell’s Ridge, and a medium sized precinct at Warnervale.  There are medium sized precincts at Tuggerah, Somersby and Lisarow. There are very small precincts at the southern end of Tuggerah Lake, Erina, Kincumber and Woy Woy.

 

Employment land supply data for the Central Coast region (xls,  149KB)

In 2017 there were no Planning Proposals approved at the Gateway* relating to employment lands in the Central Coast.

 

* Refer to glossary for definition

In addition to existing zoned employment lands, there are 467 hectares of potential future industrial land identified in the North Wyong Structure Plan.


Not all these lands may be developable. These areas will be subject to further investigations at the precinct planning stage to assess suitability for development. This will consider a range of constraints such as riparian corridors, topography, vegetation, transport corridors, local roads and lot fragmentation

The Hunter comprises the 10 Local Government Areas of Cessnock, Dungog, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, Mid-Coast, Muswellbrook, Newcastle, Port Stephens, Singleton and Upper Hunter.

 

The Region also contains the Greater Newcastle Metropolitan area which comprises Cessnock, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, Newcastle and Port Stephens Local Government Areas.

 

This is the second year that the ELDM has reported on the Hunter Region. This includes all industrial, B5 Business Development, B6 Enterprise Corridor and B7 Business Park zoned land, and Special Use zones related to the port and airport. No individual employment land or business park precincts have been identified.

 

At January 2018 there was 5,670 hectares of industrial zoned land, 1,071 hectares of business zoned land and 1,528 hectares of Special Uses zoned land in the Hunter Region. Of this, 4,185 hectares of zoned land was undeveloped. This comprised of:

  • 3,290 hectares of industrial zoned land 
  • 453 hectares of business zoned land (B5, B6 & B7)
  • 442 hectares of Special Uses zoned land (Port and Airport)

 

*Figures updated 1 February 2019

 

Hunter region undeveloped zone chart ELDM 2019 01 31 835x566 

 

Almost 80 per cent of this land is within the Greater Newcastle Metropolitan area (Cessnock, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, Newcastle and Port Stephens Local Government Areas).

 

*Figures updated 1 February 2019

 

Zoned Employment Land Precincts Maps for the Hunter Region
Please see our interactive map to review sites in more detail

Click to enlarge:

This map shows Zoned Employment Land Supply in the Hunter Region. There is a large amount of Special Purposes zoned land located at Newcastle Port. This is surrounded immediately south by many smaller clusters of industrial zoned lands. There is a large area of industrial zoned land to the north of Newcastle towards Raymond Terrace, as well as to the west near Beresfield, and to the west at Kurri Kurri. West of Maitland, near Rutherford, is a large cluster of B5 zoned land. There are a number of smaller and more widely dispersed clusters of industrial and B7 zoned land following the railway line from Kotara, to Glendale and Morisset.  In the Upper Hunter employment land is concentrated in key centres of Singleton, Muswellbrook and Scone and at the junction of the New England Highway and Golden Highway. Employment land is also found in Gloucester, Taree and Forster -Tuncurry

 

Click to enlarge:


This map shows Zoned Employment Land Supply in the Greater Newcastle Region. There is a large amount of Special Purposes zoned land located at Newcastle Port. This is surrounded immediately south by many smaller clusters of industrial zoned lands. There is a large area of industrial zoned land to the north of Newcastle towards Raymond Terrace, as well as to the west near Beresfield, and to the west at Kurri Kurri. West of Maitland, near Rutherford, is a large cluster of B5 zoned land. There are a number of smaller and more widely dispersed clusters of industrial and B7 zoned land following the railway line from Kotara, to Glendale and Morisset.


Servicing

Of the total undeveloped zoned land, 3,586 hectares were serviced with water services (within 30 metres of a water main). Most of this land was located in the Greater Newcastle Metropolitan Area (2,924 hectares), including Cessnock (917 hectares), Port Stephens (892 hectares) and Newcastle (753 hectares).

 

*Figures updated 1 February 2019

 

Land supply monitor data for the Hunter region (xls, 118KB)

Hunter Land Supply Monitor 2018 (xls, 78KB)

 

*Spreadsheets updated 1 February 2019

In 2017 there were no Planning Proposals approved at the Gateway* relating to employment lands in the Hunter Region.

 

* Refer to glossary for definition

The Illawarra-Shoalhaven comprises the four Local Government Areas of Kiama, Shellharbour, Shoalhaven and Wollongong.


This is the first year that the ELDM has reported on the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region. This includes all industrial, B5 Business Development, B6 Enterprise Corridor and B7 Business Park zoned land, and Special Use zones. No individual employment land or business park precincts have been identified.

At January 2018 there was 2,557 hectares of industrial zoned land, 388 hectares of business zoned land and 124 hectares of Special Uses zoned land in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region. Of this, 516 hectares of zoned land was undeveloped. This comprised of:

  • 394 hectares of industrial zoned land 
  • 121 hectares of business zoned land (B5, B6 & B7)
  • 2 hectares of Special Uses zoned land

Almost 61 per cent of this industrial land is located in the Wollongong Local Government Area, while 64 per cent of the business zoned land is in the Shoalhaven Local Government Area.

 

This chart shows Undeveloped Employment Lands by zone in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region. Most Employment Lands in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region are zoned IN1 General Industry (39%), IN2 Light Industrial (24%) or IN3 Heavy Industrial (13%).  Numerical values presented on the image: Zone	Area (ha) IN1	203 IN2	124 IN3	67 IN4	0 B5	48 B6	22 B7	51 SP1	2

 

Zoned Employment Land Precincts Map for the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region:

Click to enlarge:

 

This map shows Zoned Employment Land Supply in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region. There is a large cluster of industrial zoned land between Wollongong Warrawong and Dapto. There is a very small amount of SP1 zoned land at Albion Park. There are very small amounts of industrial and business zoned lands at Shellharbour and Kiama. There is almost no zoned employment land between Kiama and Nowra, and what there is, is very small. Immediately south of Nowra is a medium sized cluster of industrial and business zoned land. There are a few small areas of industrial zoned land at Huskisson, Vincentia and Ulladulla.

 

Servicing

Of the total undeveloped zoned land, 383 hectares were serviced with water services (within 30 metres of a water main). Most of this land was located in the Shoalhaven Local Government Area (227 hectares) and the Wollongong Local Government Area (149 hectares).

 

Illawarra-Shoalhaven Lands Supply Monitor 2018 (xls, 75KB)

Illawarra-Shoalhaven Employment Lands Supply (xls, 112KB)

In 2017 there were no Planning Proposals approved at the Gateway* relating to employment lands in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Region.


* Refer to glossary for definition

Page last updated: 31/05/2019