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Hazardous development

Chapter 3 of State Environmental Planning Policy (Resilience and Hazards) 2021 and the associated guideline, Applying SEPP 33, include provisions (legal conditions) for assessing potentially hazardous and offensive development. These provisions ensure the planning and design of development assess safety and hazard issues.

Several Hazardous Industry Planning Advisory Papers (HIPAPs) and an Assessment Guideline: Multi-level Risk Assessment also support the SEPP and give guidance on the assessment process. For more detail view the Guideline Summary (PDF, 296 KB).

View the Guideline Summary


Integrated assessment

The SEPP and Guidelines:

  • require developers and consent authorities (such as councils) to assess the hazard risks associated with a proposed development before giving approval for construction and operation
  • provide an integrated process for the assessment and management of potentially hazardous development proposals by:
    • performing a preliminary hazard analysis to support the development application by showing that risk levels do not preclude approval
    • conducting a hazard and operability study, fire safety study and updating the hazard analysis done during the design phase
    • carrying out a safety study for the construction and commissioning phases, particularly when the project interacts with existing operations
    • implementing a safety management system and emergency plan during ongoing operations
    • conducting regular independent hazard audits to verify the integrity of the safety systems and that the facility is being operated in line with its hazards-related conditions of consent.
Safer industrial facilities

To support the development of safer industrial facilities and protect the community, we:

  • undertake area risk assessment studies around potentially hazardous facilities, such as studies already undertaken of the Botany/Randwick, Port Botany, Kurnell and Kooragang Island industrial areas. View the Kurnell Peninsula Land Use Safety Study (2007) (PDF, 784 KB). Note, the Kurnell site has been converted to a fuel depot, but the key findings remain relevant.
  • develop supporting land use safety planning policies and safety-based locational guidelines
  • assess safety and hazard studies related to proposals for new developments associated with major industrial and infrastructure projects, and conditions of consent for state significant and smaller local developments
  • provide support to local councils for issues around hazardous industry
  • promote compliance with safety-related development consent conditions
  • provide technical advice about process safety and off-site risk impacts
  • develop technical advisory documents, especially relating to process safety.


Sites of interest

Botany Industrial Park (BIP) is a 73 hectare industrial complex located at Banksmeadow, in south-east Sydney. Major industrial uses have been happening at the site since the 1940s. Three chemical companies currently operate within the site – Orica, Qenos and Huntsman. Further information can be found in the: