A NSW Government website

Strategic Planning Toolkit

The Strategic Planning Toolkit is a hub for resources to support local councils and planning professionals in LEP making.

The aim of the toolkit is to provide guidance on LEP making and to assist in the implementation of the goals and directions contained within the Regional Plans and the five District Plans.

The Strategic Planning Toolkit will provide an up-to-date resource for local councils and planning professionals to employ best practice planning across NSW.

Strategic Planning Framework infographic showing the document breakdown of a Local Environmental Plan.

State plans

Regional plans

Regional plans are state-led strategic planning documents that set the direction and establish objectives to deliver a liveable productive, and sustainable planning framework in NSW.

Learn more about regional plans.

District plans

Five district plans implement the vision and objectives of the Greater Sydney Region Plan at a district level.

These 20-year plans provide a bridge between regional and local planning to inform LEPs, local strategic planning statements (LSPS), community strategic plans and the assessment of planning proposals.

Learn more about Greater Sydney district plans.

State-led rezoning

Precincts provide a placed based strategic planning approach to growth in Sydney and set specific actions and objectives for specific areas, based on the vision outlined in the region or district plan.

Precincts provide a coordinated approach by state and local government to help ensure infrastructure such as schools, parks, community facilities, public transport and road upgrades are delivered in line with increased housing and jobs to support community needs.

Learn more about a new approach to precincts.

Metropolitan plans and special activation precincts

There are a number of other strategic planning documents including the Greater Newcastle Metropolitan Plan 2036 and special activation precincts in regional NSW. These documents set out strategies and actions for a particular LGA or precinct to create jobs, attract businesses and investors, support local industries and fuel economic development.

Learn more about:

Local plans

Local strategic planning statements

A Local Strategic Planning Statement (LSPS) sets out the strategic planning ambitions for a LGA as a whole and for specific areas. The LSPS allows councils to translate their strategic planning into local priorities and actions and identifies the need for further local strategic planning work.

Learn more about strategic planning from the updated Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.

The LSPS Guideline for Councils (PDF, 2.6 MB) provides information for councils, the community, and other stakeholders on the contents of a LSPS, how it is made and how it is implemented.

Local housing strategies

Local housing strategies are detailed strategic and implementation plans that show where and how new homes are best developed in each local government area.

Learn more about local housing strategies.

The local housing strategy guideline provides a step-by-step process for producing local housing strategies.

Endorsed local strategies

Local council strategies that are endorsed, in full or part, by us may be used:

  • to demonstrate the strategic merit of planning proposals; 
  • by planning panels or the Independent Planning Commission to determine whether a planning proposal being considered for a rezoning review has strategic merit; 
  • by the planning proposal authority to justify inconsistency with certain section 9.1(2) Local Planning Directions.

Endorsed local council strategies are listed below for each region, and endorsement letters are attached. Only the version of the strategy at the time of endorsement is considered endorsed not subsequent amendments.

Sydney Metropolitan

LGA Name of strategy Date endorsed
Northern Beaches Warriewood Valley Strategic Review 2013 (PDF, 83 KB) 1 May 2013
Willoughby Chatswood CBD Planning and Urban Design Strategy (PDF, 1.7 MB) 9 August 2019
Willoughby Chatswood CBD Planning and Urban Design Strategy (PDF, 98 KB) 9 July 2020

Northern Region

LGA Name of strategy Date endorsed
Armidale Regional

Armidale Dumaresq Bulky Goods Retail and Industrial Lands Study 2010 (PDF, 39 KB)

Armidale Dumaresq Industrial Lands Study 2012 (PDF, 76 KB) 18/04/2013
New England Strategic Alliance of Councils Development Strategy 2010 (PDF, 64 KB) 16/03/2010
Ballina Ballina Growth Management Strategy (PDF, 1 MB) 07/05/2013

Bellingen Shire Growth Management Strategy (PDF, 215 KB)


Bellingen Shire Employment Land Strategy (PDF, 1.1 MB) 10/07/2013
Byron Byron Shire Business and Industrial Lands Strategy (PDF, 92 KB) 29/09/2020
Byron Shire Rural Land Use Strategy 2017 (PDF, 543 KB) 13/06/2018
Clarence Valley

Clarence Valley Settlement Strategy (PDF, 112 KB)


Clarence Local Growth Management Strategy (Maclean Urban Catchment Component) (PDF, 603 KB)


Coffs Harbour
Coffs Harbour Local Growth Management Strategy Chapter 8 Employment Lands (PDF, 125 KB) 27/10/2020
Coffs Harbour Local Growth Management Strategy Chapter 5 Rural Lands (PDF, 145 KB) 03/07/2020
Coffs Harbour Local Growth Management Strategy – Coffs Harbour to 2040 and beyond: Chapters 1-4 and Chapter 6 (PDF, 115 KB) 13/01/2020

Our Living City – A Settlement Strategy to 2031 (PDF, 95 KB)


Coffs Harbour Local Growth Management Strategy – Business Lands Component Aug 2009 (PDF, 58 KB) 24/09/2010
Coffs Harbour Rural Residential Strategy (PDF, 108 KB) 03/05/2010
Coffs Harbour Local Growth Management Strategy Industrial Lands Component (PDF, 95 KB) 11/11/2009
Glen Innes Severn Glen Innes Severn Land Use Plan 2010 (PDF, 39 KB) 17/06/2010

Gunnedah Shire Local Environmental Study (Bridging Report) 2010 (incorporating the Gunnedah Shire Rural Lands Strategy 2009, and the Gunnedah Shire Commercial and Industrial Lands Study 2009) (PDF, 480 KB)


Namoi 2030 Regional Resource Strategy (PDF, 59 KB) 31/03/2011

Inverell Rural Land Strategy (PDF, 51 KB)


Inverell Strategic Land Use Plan 2011-2031 (PDF, 39 KB) 28/03/2012

Kempsey Local Growth Strategy (Residential Component) (PDF, 61 KB)


Kempsey Local Growth Strategy (Rural Residential Component) (PDF, 61 KB) 17/12/2014
Kyogle Kyogle Local Growth Management Strategy (PDF, 39 KB) 22/06/2010
Lismore Lismore Growth Management Strategy 2015-2035 (PDF, 70 KB) 11/08/2015
Liverpool Plains

Liverpool Plains Growth Management Strategy 2009 (PDF, 426 KB)


Namoi 2030 Regional Resource Strategy (PDF, 59 KB) 31/03/2011
Moree Plains Moree Plains Growth Management Strategy 2009 (PDF, 175 KB) 20/04/2009

Nambucca Shire Local Growth Management Strategy (Employment Lands) (PDF, 81 KB)


Nambucca Shire Council Urban Land Release Strategy (PDF, 154 KB) 13/01/1998
Nambucca Shire Urban Release Strategy – Annexure 1 Eungai Creek (PDF, 369 KB) 14/04/2003
Nambucca Local Growth Management Strategy (Rural Residential Land) (PDF, 237 KB) 16/01/2009

Narrabri Growth Management Strategy 2010 (PDF, 60 KB)


Narrabri Growth Management Strategy Addendum – Boggabri Strategic Planning Review 2014 (PDF, 76 KB) 19/05/2015
Namoi 2030 Regional Resource Strategy (PDF, 59 KB) 31/03/2011

Port Macquarie Hastings

Port Macquarie Hastings Urban Growth Management Strategy (PDF, 62 KB)


John Oxley Drive Precinct Structure Plan (PDF, 52 KB) 01/11/2012
Port Macquarie Hastings Urban Growth Management Strategy 2036 (PDF, 293 KB) 02/11/2018
Richmond Valley

Casino Urban Land Release Strategy (PDF, 95 KB)


Evans Head Urban Land Release Strategy (PDF, 81 KB) 21/12/2006
Richmond River Rural Residential Land Release Strategy (PDF, 144 KB) 04/03/1999
Tamworth Regional

Tamworth Regional Development Strategy 2008 (PDF, 1.1 MB)


South Tamworth Rural Lands Masterplan (PDF, 56 KB) 16/04/2013
Namoi 2030 Regional Resource Strategy (PDF, 59 KB) 31/03/2011

Tweed Rural Land Strategy (PDF, 158 KB)


Tweed Rural Villages Strategy (PDF, 708 KB)


Uralla New England Strategic Alliance of Councils Development Strategy 2010 (PDF, 64 KB) 16/03/2010
Walcha New England Strategic Alliance of Councils Development Strategy 2010 (PDF, 64 KB) 16/03/2010

Western Region

Local government area Name of strategy Date endorsed
Balranald Balranald Strategic Framework (PDF, 62 KB) 05/05/2010
Bathurst Regional

Bathurst Region Urban Strategy 2008 (PDF, 96 KB)


Bathurst Region Rural Strategy (PDF, 95 KB) 14/05/2013
Blayney Blayney Settlement Strategy (PDF, 49 KB) 10/11/2012
Blayney, Cabonne and Orange Blayney, Cabonne and Orange – Sub Regional Rural, Rural Residential and Industrial Land Use Strategy (PDF, 50 KB) 30/06/2011
Bogan Western Council’s Comprehensive Land Use Strategy (PDF, 270 KB) 26/02/2010
Bourke Bourke Shire Strategy – November 2012 (PDF, 47 KB) 19/12/2012
Broken Hill Broken Hill Land Use Strategy – September 2012
Part A – Local Profile and Issues Paper
Part B – Land Use Strategy (PDF, 58 KB)
Cabonne Cabonne Settlement Strategy (PDF, 49 KB) 15/10/2012
Central Darling Central Darling Strategy – November 2012 (PDF, 41 KB) 20/12/2012
Conargo Conargo Rural Lands Strategy (PDF, 53 KB) 19/06/2013
Corowa Corowa 2011-2031 Strategic Land Use Plan and Site Assessment Report dated July 2011 (PDF, 156 KB) 25/06/2012
Cowra Cowra Shire Land Use Strategy – February 2011 (PDF, 51 KB) 10/01/2013

Dubbo Land Use Strategies (PDF, 116 KB) – including Urban Development Strategy, Dubbo Rural Areas Development Strategy associated reviews, amending reports and Council Policies

Forbes Forbes Growth Management Strategy and Rural Lands Supplement – February 2009 (PDF, 91 KB) 21/04/2009
Gilgandra Western Council’s Sub Regional Land Use Strategy (PDF, 270 KB) 26/02/2010
Griffith Griffith Land Use Strategy (PDF, 75 KB) 17/04/2013
Hay Community and Settlement Sustainability Strategy – March 2012 (PDF, 61 KB) 24/04/2012

Lachlan Primary Production/Resource Strategy – March 2009 (PDF, 58 KB)


Lachlan Minimum Lot Sizes for Rural Dwellings Study (PDF, 54 KB) 03/07/2013
Lithgow Lithgow Land Use Strategy 2010-2030 (PDF, 61 KB) 24/05/2012

Mid-Western Comprehensive Land Use Strategy (PDF, 223 KB)


Mudgee and Gulgong Urban Release Strategy (PDF, 57 KB) 23/01/2015

Western Council’s Sub Regional Land Use Strategy (PDF, 270 KB)

Rural Residential and Agricultural Lands Strategy (PDF, 79 KB) 08/08/2013
Oberon Oberon Land Use Strategy – Draft June 2011 and Amendment 2012 (PDF, 287 KB) 16/12/2013

Orange Sustainable Settlement Strategy (PDF, 43 KB)

Blayney, Cabonne and Orange – Sub Regional Rural, Rural Residential and Industrial Land Use Strategy (PDF, 50 KB) 30/06/2011
Parkes Parkes Shire Land Use Strategy 2011 (PDF, 59 KB) 21/08/2012
Wakool Wakool Shire Land Use Strategy and Supplementary Information (PDF, 54 KB) 24/03/2011
Walgett Walgett Shire Council Growth Management Study and Strategy (PDF, 235 KB) 18/05/2011
Warren Western Council’s Sub Regional Land Use Strategy (PDF, 270 KB) 26/02/2010
Warrumbungle Warrumbungle Shire Council Land Use Strategy (PDF, 72 KB) 04/07/2013
Wentworth Wentworth Strategic Framework Document and LES (PDF, 47 KB) 23/12/2011
Western Councils – Bogan, Coonamble, Gilgandra, Narromine and Warren Western Council’s Sub Regional Land Use Strategy (PDF, 270 KB)
NB: Coonamble component not endorsed as council has not adopted it.

Southern Region

LGA Name of strategy Date endorsed
Queanbeyan Palerang Regional Council

Queanbeyan Residential and Economic Strategy 2015-2031 (PDF, 1.3 MB)


Bungendore Structure Plan (PDF, 90 KB) 30/11/2010
Wagga Wagga City Council Wagga Wagga Spatial Plan 2013-2043 (PDF, 712 KB) 27/02/2014
Albury City Council

Albury Thurgoona Wirlinga Precinct Structure Plan 2013 (PDF, 58 KB)


Rural Lands Strategy for Table Top and Splitters Creek (PDF, 52 KB) 17/08/2016
Yass Valley Council Yass Town and Village Study (PDF, 824 KB) 28/06/2011
Junee Shire Council Junee Residential Strategy 2006 (PDF, 1 MB) 11/01/2008
Shoalhaven City Council Shoalhaven Growth Management Strategy 2014 (PDF, 428 KB) 20/05/2014
Wollongong City Council

Farmborough Heights to Mt Kembla Concept Plan (PDF, 59 KB)


Illawarra Escarpment Strategic Management Plan 2015 (PDF, 1.1 MB) 01/12/2015

Hunter and Central Coast Region

LGA Name of strategy Date endorsed
Upper Hunter Upper Hunter Land Use Strategy (PDF, 368 KB) 21/01/2010
Muswellbrook Muswellbrook Residential and Rural Residential Strategy 2014 (PDF, 83 KB) 08/05/2015
Wyong Wyong Settlement Strategy 2013 (PDF, 115 KB) 17/09/2013
Maitland Maitland Urban Settlement Strategy 2008 (PDF, 147 KB) 01/09/2009
Singleton Singleton Land Use Strategy (PDF, 57 KB) 08/06/2008

Policy and ministerial directions

State environmental planning policies

State environmental planning policies (SEPPs) are instruments that address planning issues on a state-wide level. This is different to a LEP which addresses planning controls for a local government area.

Planning proposals must provide an assessment against the relevant SEPPs and advise on how a proposal may satisfy the requirements of a SEPP. 

The current list of SEPPs is located at legislation.nsw.gov.au/browse/inforce.

Ministerial directions

The s9.1 ministerial directions cover the following broad categories:

  • planning systems
  • biodiversity and conservation
  • resilience and hazards
  • transport and infrastructure
  • housing
  • industry and employment
  • resources and energy
  • primary production.

Current and previously issued s9.1 directions

The following documents provide advice on ministerial directions issued under section 9.1 of the EP&A Act.

Directions for planning proposals

Directions for local infrastructure contributions

Directions for planning agreements

Requires all councils to consider a series of matters when negotiating a planning agreement with a developer for the purposes of affordable housing in connection with a development.

Resources for section 9.1 Integrating Land Use and Transport

Relevant planning system circulars


Donations and gift disclosure

All planning proposals and draft LEPs must comply with State law regarding reportable political donations. For more details, including a disclosure form, refer to:

Planning circulars

Planning system circulars provide non-statutory advice on NSW Government principles, procedures and practices to assist in implementing relevant planning laws and policies.

LEP practice notes

Planning practice notes provide updated commentary, guidance, and advice for planning matters generally related to principle local environmental plans and the Standard Instrument. A practice note is for information purposes only and does not comprise legal advice.

Contributions practice notes

Planning agreements practice note

Mapping standards and requirements

In 2015, we developed revised standard technical requirements for spatial datasets and maps contained within planning instruments and other plans.

The standard technical requirements cover LEPs, SEPPs, development control plans and contributions plans.

The revised requirements updated and consolidated previous requirements and guidance. Previous requirements can be sourced by contacting [email protected].

Councils need to prepare spatial data and maps as per the specified standards and submit to us at draft and final stages via the online submission system for planning data available on the NSW Planning Portal.

Our continuous quality assurance program involves working with councils to ensure that the planning data submitted as part of the plan-making process meets the adopted standard.

Read the Standard Technical Requirements for Spatial Datasets and Maps (PDF, 1.8 MB) document.

For more information read the Planning Circular PS 15-005 – Commencement of the NSW Planning Portal (PDF, 72 KB).

Access the NSW Planning Portal and the Online Submission System for Planning Data.

Parliamentary Counsel’s Office

The Parliamentary Counsel's Office (PCO) has issued advice regarding the drafting and notification processes for making delegated plans, which can be found at PCO – Information. PCO also has resources to assist in the drafting process, which can be found at PCO – Resources.

Model clauses

Additional provisions (commonly referred to as ‘local provisions’ or ’model local clauses’) are local clauses that have been settled by the Parliamentary Counsel’s Office that address common topics raised by councils in their standard instrument LEP preparation. The use of settled clauses reduces the time required to amend a standard instrument LEP.

Where councils would like to use one or more of the examples provided but wish to make some minor alterations to suit their specific circumstances, these may be considered with the appropriate justification, although we recommend that they be adopted 'as is' wherever possible.

For further information please contact your relevant place or regional team.

Land use matrix

The land use matrix (XLSX, 177 KB) is an Excel spreadsheet that identifies standard land use terms, standard zones and permissibility. It has been prepared by the department to assist councils with the preparation of local environmental plans consistent with the Standard Instrument (Local Environmental Plans) Order 2006. The matrix also includes permissible land uses under a number of state environmental planning policies.

Councils can complete the matrix of intended permitted and prohibited land uses to assist in discussions with the department about their draft plan. Instructions on how to complete the matrix are provided under the ‘Instructions’ tab of the Excel spreadsheet.

Important note: This information does not constitute legal advice. Users are advised to seek professional advice and refer to the relevant legislation, as necessary.

Disclaimer: While every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that this document is correct at the time of publication, the State of New South Wales, its agencies and employees, disclaim any and all liability to any person in respect of anything or the consequences of anything done or omitted to be done in reliance upon the whole or any part of this document.

Using departmental data

The department provides regular and insightful information on demographics, forecasting and population change at Research and demography.