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NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
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The NSW Government has a plan to fix the uncertainty of infrastructure contributions, which will unlock new housing supply, deliver vital public infrastructure and boost investment in NSW.


The plan involves two complementary processes:

  • The first, a review of the infrastructure contributions system by the NSW Productivity Commissioner, has investigated how infrastructure is funded in NSW.
  • The second, more immediate process, improvements to the infrastructure contributions system to make it more transparent and easier to use until broader reform is implemented.


Infrastructure contributions

Property developers pay infrastructure contributions to the State government and councils, helping with the cost of providing the infrastructure needed to deliver great places. This helps fund public spaces, footpaths, cycleways, roads, stormwater drainage and other social and community facilities.


Contributions are collected using a suite of tools, including special infrastructure contributions, planning agreements and local 7.11 and 7.12 contributions. To find out more, please visit the infrastructure funding policies webpage.


Review of the infrastructure contributions system

The NSW Government has conducted a holistic review of infrastructure funding in NSW to determine whether it meets the objectives of certainty and efficiency while delivering public infrastructure to support development.


The NSW Productivity Commissioner delivered his Final Report on the Review in November 2020. The report is publicly available at the NSW Productivity Commission’s website and forms the foundation of reform to create certainty about the funding and delivery of infrastructure to support new and existing communities.


In March 2021, the government confirmed it had accepted all 29 recommendations in the Final Report, to:

  • move towards a principles-based infrastructure contributions system based on certainty, efficiency, simplicity, transparency and consistency;
  • enhance the capacity of councils to support growth;
  • strike a balance between efficiency, simplicity and certainty for local infrastructure contributions;
  • develop a stronger funding base for State and regional infrastructure;
  • make the system more consistent, transparent and easy to navigate; and
  • better align infrastructure contributions and strategic planning and delivery.


Read all details about the NSW Government’s response to NSW Productivity Commission’s Review of Infrastructure Contributions in NSW (PDF, 188 KB).


The department will now begin implementation of the recommendations, which include the establishment of an advisory group and future consultation of proposed regulatory amendments and associated guidance. There will be opportunities to provide feedback on the implementation of the recommendations.


For further information about the department's next steps, download our Infrastructure Contributions Reform Roadmap (PDF, 1.9 MB).


View the roadmap


Project roadmap


Stage 1: Q1 - Q2 2021 – Discovery and direction

  • Implement immediate system improvements – clearer direction, increased transparency and accountability
  • Establish the Advisory Group
  • Prepare and submit enabling legislation
  • Prepare regulatory amendments

Stage 2: Q3 - Q4 2021 – Solution design and validation

  • Exhibit regulatory amendments, policy instruments, Practice Notes
  • Respond to feedback received during exhibition
  • Collaborate with Advisory Group to test design

Stage 3: Q1 - Q2 2022 – Finalisation and commencement

  • Implement any legislative and regulatory amendments
  • Communicate changes and guide practitioners
  • Early adoption of digital tools

Stage 4: Q3 2022 onwards – Progressive implementation by councils

  • Legislative and regulatory amendments are in place and effective
  • Build capacity and expertise through training and development programs
  • Implement new contribution plans in the digital system

New legislation under the reforms

Legislation has been introduced to the NSW Parliament as part of the infrastructure contributions reforms to boost productivity, provide certainty for industry and support housing supply and affordability. A copy of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Amendment (Infrastructure Contributions) Bill 2021 is available on the NSW Parliament website.


To help you navigate the Bill, we have prepared a Guide document.


The enabling legislation will provide the foundations for a stronger infrastructure contributions system by matching infrastructure funding with infrastructure outcomes for new and growing communities.


The reforms include:

  • A regional infrastructure contributions system to collect levies on development in Greater Sydney, Central Coast, Hunter and the Illawarra Shoalhaven while preserving existing special infrastructure contribution arrangements
  • Requiring owners who benefit from their land being rezoned for development to contribute towards the provision of land for local infrastructure when their land is either sold or developed.
  • Greater transparency and accessibility for Planning Agreements;
  • Incentives for councils to fund infrastructure upfront,  allowing councils to borrow and pool their funds.


Once the legislation is passed, the new system is expected to be implemented and in place by 1 July 2022.


Infrastructure contributions system improvements

While the NSW Productivity Commissioner’s review was underway, the department sought feedback on five proposed system improvements to the infrastructure contributions system.


The proposed system improvements respond to a range of recent planning system and governance reviews, including the Kaldas Review. The following three have been released: 


  1. Planning agreements practice note
    A new practice note has been released to provide greater transparency in the planning agreement process. The practice note reinforces that planning agreements should be used to fund innovative infrastructure solutions to meet community needs.

  2. Section 7.12 fixed development consent levies practice note
    A new section 7.12 practice note has been released including criteria to guide councils on where higher than the standard maximum 1% percentage section 7.12 levy may be appropriate, supporting councils in creating great places.

  3. Environmental Planning and Assessment (EP&A) Regulation amendment
    The Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 has been amended to improve transparency and accountability in the way infrastructure contributions are received and spent in NSW. The amending instrument is available on the NSW Legislation website.

    The changes include:
    - new reporting and online publication requirements for councils and planning authorities
    - amendments to provide clearer direction and certainty for planning authorities in drafting planning agreements
    - minor amendments to update some existing provisions.


For more detailed information on these recent improvements, you can read the following Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):


The following system improvements are expected to be considered in the context of broader system reform:

  • Local infrastructure contributions plans - proposed reforms for section 7.11 contributions aimed at improving how this mechanism works to deliver the local infrastructure communities need.
  • Draft Special Infrastructure Contributions (SIC) guidelines - guidelines to improve transparency around the purpose and function of SICs.


Consultation and feedback

The proposed changes were placed on public exhibition from 15 April 2020 until 12 June 2020. The department has reviewed and considered all submissions received. A report summarising submissions received and the department’s response is now available.


Read the submissions report


To find out more about the exhibited system improvements follow the links below:


More information

For further information on recently released infrastructure contributions system improvements, please refer to the following pages:

Additionally you can contact us via our online form.


Page last updated: 23/06/2021